Short summary - The Namesake by Jhumpa Lahiri

Summary of the work - Sykalo Eugen 2023

Short summary - The Namesake by Jhumpa Lahiri

Jhumpa Lahiri's "The Namesake" is a novel that explores the complexities of identity, culture, and belonging. It tells the story of Gogol Ganguli, the son of two Bengali immigrants who struggle to reconcile their Indian heritage with their American lives. The novel is divided into two parts: "The Namesake" and "Gogol."

Part One: The Namesake

The novel opens with Ashima Ganguli, Gogol's mother, who is pregnant and alone in a foreign country. Her husband, Ashoke, is away on a business trip, and she must navigate the unfamiliarity of American life on her own. When Ashima goes into labor, she is forced to rely on the kindness of strangers to get her to the hospital. She gives birth to a son, whom they name Gogol, after the Russian author Nikolai Gogol.

As Gogol grows up, he struggles with his name and his identity. He feels disconnected from his Indian heritage and struggles to fit in with his American peers. He changes his name to Nikhil in an attempt to distance himself from his family and his culture. However, he eventually comes to realize that his name is an integral part of who he is and that he cannot escape his heritage.

The novel also explores the relationship between Gogol and his parents. Gogol feels a sense of distance from his parents, particularly his father, who is often absent due to his job. However, when Ashoke dies suddenly, Gogol is forced to confront his feelings and reevaluate his relationship with his family.

Part Two: Gogol

In the second part of the novel, Gogol is a young man trying to find his place in the world. He is in a relationship with Maxine, a wealthy white woman, but he feels out of place in her world. He eventually ends the relationship and begins dating Moushumi, a woman he knew from his childhood.

Gogol and Moushumi's relationship is fraught with tension, as they both struggle with their identities and their pasts. Moushumi was once engaged to Gogol's best friend, and Gogol is still mourning the loss of his father. Their relationship ultimately falls apart, and Gogol is left to confront his feelings of isolation and loss.

Key Themes

Throughout the novel, Lahiri explores the themes of identity, culture, and belonging. Gogol struggles to reconcile his Indian heritage with his American life, and his parents struggle to do the same. The novel also explores the complexities of family relationships and the ways in which they can both unite and divide us.


In conclusion, "The Namesake" is a poignant and thought-provoking novel that explores the complexities of identity and belonging. Lahiri's writing is both lyrical and introspective, and she crafts a narrative that is both deeply personal and universally relatable. This is a novel that will linger with you long after you've turned the final page.