Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka

Summary of the work - Sykalo Eugen 2023

Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka

"Metamorphosis" by Franz Kafka is a haunting tale of a man named Gregor Samsa, a hardworking traveling salesman. The story starts with Gregor waking up one morning to find himself transformed into a monstrous insect. This transformation sets the tone for the rest of the story as we follow Gregor's struggles to come to terms with his new form and the reactions of his family and society to this sudden, inexplicable metamorphosis.

Part One of the book details the immediate aftermath of Gregor's transformation. He is struggling to navigate his new body and figure out how to communicate with his family. Gregor's sister, Grete, becomes his primary caregiver, and we see her start to take charge of the situation as Gregor's parents become more and more distant. The family struggles to come to terms with Gregor's transformation, with his father initially lashing out in anger and his mother falling into despair. Gregor's transformation is not only physical but also emotional as he tries to understand what has happened to him and how he fits into the world around him. This part of the book sets the stage for the rest of the story, highlighting the themes of isolation and alienation that run throughout.

Part Two sees the introduction of three new characters - the three boarders who live with the Samsa family. These boarders become increasingly hostile towards Gregor, and their presence puts an additional strain on the already tense family dynamic. Gregor's condition deteriorates as he becomes more isolated and his family becomes more resentful of him. In this part, Kafka explores the ways in which societal pressures can crush a person's spirit and the destructive power of groupthink. The boarders' hostility towards Gregor is fueled by the family's own resentment towards him, leading to a vicious cycle of isolation and rejection.

In Part Three, the family decides to get rid of Gregor, seeing him as a burden and an embarrassment. This decision is made after a particularly traumatic incident where Gregor escapes from his room and is seen by the boarders. The family begins to remove his belongings from his room, and Gregor realizes that his time is running out. He is not only physically deteriorating, but his spirit is broken as he realizes that his family no longer cares for him. This part of the book is the most heart-wrenching, as we see the consequences of societal and familial pressures on an individual. Gregor's death is a tragic reminder of the danger of isolation and the power of groupthink.

Overall, "Metamorphosis" is a powerful commentary on the human condition. Through Gregor's transformation, Kafka explores themes of identity, individuality, and the ways in which societal and familial pressures can crush a person's spirit. The book is a haunting reflection on the human experience and a reminder of the importance of empathy and understanding in a world that can be cruel and unforgiving. Kafka's use of surrealism and allegory creates a world that is both familiar and strange, inviting the reader to question their own place in society and the power of the collective over the individual. "Metamorphosis" is a timeless classic that continues to resonate with readers today.