Literature of antiquity and the Middle Ages - Summary 2019 year
Abulcasim Firdousi (approx. 940-1020 or 1030)
Legend of Siyavush - From the poetic epic "Shakhname" (1st edition - 994, 2nd ed. - 1010)
It is said that one day in the morning, the valiant Tus and glorified in the battles of Givi, accompanied by hundreds of warriors with grenades and falcons, jumped to the Dagui Plain to indulge themselves in hunting. Shooting wild game in the steppe, they went to the forest. In the distance the girl appeared. The hunters hurried to her. In front of them appeared slim as cypress an unprecedented beauty. When asked Tus, who is she, she confessed that she left her home because of her father, who was in a drunken state threatening to kill her. In a conversation with her it turned out that she was of the kind Shah Feridun. With an expensive crown on his head, Horse left her home on horseback. But the horse fell in the way, exhausted, and her own stunned and robbed robbers.
For both young girls, the girl came to her heart, and a fierce debate broke out between them, to whom she would get. They decided to bring it to court of the ruler of Iran, Kay Kavus, and he stated that such a beauty is worthy only of the lord. The girl was put on the throne and crowned with crown. When the time came, the young queen gave birth to a son of unusual beauty. They called him Sihavush.
The infant grew in the palace of luxury. Once came from Forgotten by the mighty Rostech. Noticing at the court of the Reverend Prince, he asked Shah to entrust him with the education of the lioness. Shah did not see the reasons for refusal. Rostam took Sihavsha to Zabul, where under the supervision of the famous knight he was attached to the palace life, received the education necessary for that period, surpassed all his peers in the military affair.
It's time for the pupil of Rostema to return to his native hearth. The races brought Kay Kavus, the prince's father, a joyous message. Shah ordered his military commanders Tusu and Giva to jump to meet the heir. The Lord of Iran was proud of his son and prayed to him for heaven. A magnificent feast was organized on the occasion of the return of the prince.
Unexpectedly, a trouble came to Sihavush: his beloved mother died. It took a bit of time, as another father's wife, Sudabe, fell in love at first glance with a young handsome man. Infinite persecution began. Sudabe repeatedly lured the boy to his palace, but vain. Sudabyte decided on a very risky step - complained to her husband for allegedly heartlessness and inattention of her stepmother, who ignored not only her, but her sisters and, despite numerous invitations, never once honored them with her visit. Kay Kavus, without suspecting anything, advised his son to be attentive to the stepmother and her daughters, Cyavush, fearing to become a victim of Sudab's intrigue, asked his father to allow him to seek the companionship of the celebrated warriors. The father insisted on his and the second time ordered Siavush to visit the sisters. The old servant of Hirde led Siamese to the women's chambers. In the chapel, the young prince saw an unprecedented luxury: the path was lined with a Chinese gold brocade, the golden throne was decorated with precious stones. On the throne, shining with unearthly beauty, sat Sudabe. The queen descended from the throne, hung a low bow and embraced Syavush. He was embarrassed. Hot lady hugs seemed to him indecent. He went to his sisters and spent a lot of time with them.
Sudab seemed to be close to the goal, and during the meeting with her husband Siawusha praised. Shah offered to pick up his son's bride and arrange a wedding. The Sudan decided to give one of his daughters for the prince. She invited her for the second time to Siahvasha. Like at the first meeting, she met him with a deep bow, sat down on the throne, and, as if unknowingly, showed them to the girls who were not far away, and asked which one of them more like him whom he would choose for his wife. Siawusha did not admire such an idea. He was silent. This encouraged his interlocutor. She, not embarrassed, revealed her secret plan, saying, "Yes, not near the sun, the moon does not attract; use my favor, catch happiness. I miss you until the end of the year, I do not melt my love, I am yours now from my soul and body! "Forget about shame, she hugged the prince and herds tightly kissing him.
Siawush was afraid to offend her with sharpness and embarrassed to say that she was ready to become her son-in-law, but only the lord was worthy of her, as beautiful as she, adding: "I am ready to read you, like a sweet mother," he left the harem of the Shah.
It took some time, Sudab again commanded to summon her to Sihavush, and began to talk again about her passion, how she languishes and vanishes from love for him. Feeling indifferent to her from the side of Siyavush, the queen went over to threats, saying: "If you do not submit, you will not want to revive me with young love, I will take revenge on you, I will deprive you of the throne." Such insolence led the young man to himself. He answered in his hearts: "That's not to happen. I'm honored, I will not deceive my father "- and he intended to leave, but the queen instantly scratched her lanities, tore her clothes and began to cry for help. Having heard the cry of the spouse, the shah hurried to the harem. The half-naked queen, looking at the angry eyes of her crown-cousin, shouted furiously: "Your son, yawning with passion, tore clothes on me, whispering that he was full of love fire."
After listening to his wife, Shah showed prudence. He decided to calmly understand what happened and questioned Siyavush. He told him how things really were. Shah took Siyavush by hand, pulled himself to him and sniffed the curls and clothes of his son, and then, repeating the same with the Sudab, he realized that there was no trace of the criminal embrace of which the queen spoke. She raised a blasphemy on the innocent Syavush. However, Shah was afraid of punishing his wife, fearing war with her family.
Having failed to deceive her husband, Sudak again began to weave tricky rabies. She called the sorceress, carrying a child in her, gave her a drug to have a miscarriage, and the fetus was about to give up for her, accusing Syavush of killing her child. The sorcerer agreed and, having drunk a potion, gave birth to dead twins, whom the queen ordered to put in a golden hide, and she issued a piercing scream. The Lord, having learned of the misfortune that had come to the queen, was angry, but did not give up his anger. The next morning he came to his wife's ward and saw the alarmed servants and stillborn children. The Sudan burst into tears, saying, "I told you about the things of a villain".
In the heart of the Shah, doubts began to emerge. He turned to the stars with a request to judge the queen's charges fairly. Starvics worked for a week, and then they said that he and the queen were not the parents of these children. The queen began to pour tears again and ask for a shah of justice. Then the bishop ordered the real mother of these children. The guard soon assaulted the witch's trail and led her to the shah, threatening the loop and the sword. The same said to them in reply: "I do not know the blame for myself, no!" The star counters reaffirmed their decision. The Sudan, however, said that Syavush had forbidden them to tell the truth. To dispel suspicion from himself, the prince decides to pass a test of fire, as the great Zarathustra commanded. They made a huge bonfire. The flame raged under the cries of the gathered people. Everyone was sorry for the flowering young man.
Cyavush appeared and said: "The heavens will be executed!" If I am right, the rescuer will save me. " Here a cavalry horse brought Syavush through the fire. It is not obvious whether a rider or a horse has become. All froze and in a moment joyfully burst out: "The young lord passed through the fire". Justice has been restored. Shah decided to execute a lie, but Siyavush persuaded him to pardon his wife and not torment himself. Kay Cavus was even more attached to his son.
Meanwhile, Shah Afrazayev was preparing for new battles with Iran. Siyavush asked his father to let him head the army, saying that he had to break down Afrasyaba on the shoulder and throw it in the dust of the enemy's head. Shah agreed and sent a racer for Roscom, asking him to be protected by Siawush in the upcoming war.
Under the thunderstorm, Tus built a castle in front of the palace. The Shah handed to Sihavush the keys to the treasures of the palace and military equipment and placed under his command a soldier of twelve thousand fighters. After this, the Shah spoke in front of the army for a speech.
Soon, Si'avush took Balkh and sent this joyous message to his father.
Afrasyuba had a terrible dream, as if a vortex had flown on his army, overturned his royal throne and tore the cover from the tents.
Death ran warriors, bloody mountains bombed the bodies. One hundred thousand warriors attacked in armor and their leader as a whirlwind on a horse; Afrasyaba was tied up, rushed faster than a fire, and threw Kay Kavus at his feet. The one in a rage dug a dagger into the chest of Afrasyaba, and here he awakened his own cry.
Mobed solved his dream: "The mighty lord, ready to see the terrible power of the Iranians. Your state will be destroyed, your country is flooded with blood. Siyavush will drive you away, and if you defeat Siyavush, the Iranians will retaliate for him, burn the country. "
Wishing to prevent the war, Afrasiab sends Caravan with a wealth of gifts, a herd of horses and a lot of slaves to Garcivas. When Garcivaz entered the palace, the prince showed courtesy to him and seated him from the throne, Garcivaz outlined the request of his lord to end the war.
The young military commander Siavush, having consulted with Rostema, has decided to accept the proposed world. Gonec has reported this to Afrasyab and added that Siyavush requires a hundred hostages. The condition was accepted, and Rostam went to Kay Kavus with the news of the conclusion of peace.
However, the message of Siyavush strangled the Shah. He was not at all pleased with the decision of Siawush, and he ordered the army to be handed over under the command of Tus, and to Si'avush himself immediately return home, calling him "unworthy of the rank of warrior." This insulted the wisest commander Rostema, who, in the presence of the Shah, flared up in anger and left the courtyard.
Siawush poured his grief over to two heroes close to him - Zengu and Bahram - and confessed that he entered the war because of the stepmother intrigue, but managed to return to the country two richest areas - Sogd and Balkh, and instead of gratitude he was humiliated. Cyavush in anger returned Afrasyab to all the hostages and the gifts that the Turans sent him on the day of victory, the army insisted Bahram, and he decided not to return to his father's house. Soon, his envoy Zeng arrived in Turan to Afrasyaba, who gave him a lush reception. Having heard about the decision of Siyavush, Afrazyya was shocked. He consulted with the sage Piran, who spoke very fluently about the Iranian prince and offered the lord of Turan to take Sihavush as his own son, surround him with reverence and give his wife his daughter, fulfilling the ordinance laid down.
Afrazayev judged this: the coming to him of Siyavush is the end to the wars; Kay Cavis has broken off, the end of his fast, two thrones will unite, and he will become the lord of a huge country. The will of the lord of Turan was executed immediately. A singer was urgently sent to Sihavush with a friendly proposal on behalf of Afrasyab. Tsarevich arrived in the state of the lord of Turan with three hundred fighters and part of the treasury. Kay Cavis was fought by this news.
The wise Piran met Siwawas on the border with great reverence, calling him his son, and they went to the capital of Turan. The same kindly reception was given to the Iranian prince and the ruler of the Turan himself - Afrasyab. He, meeting the guest with open arms and hot kisses, was admired and submissive to Sihavush, and promised that Turan will henceforth serve him.
Siyavush was brought into the palace, seated on a brilliant throne, arranged a grand feast in his honor, and in the morning, only he woke up, provided him with the rich gifts of Afrasyava. To the dear guest did not miss, the courtiers arranged in his honor all sorts of games and fun. On the order of the ruler for the game, they selected seven of the most skillful heroes of the riders, but the guest easily won them. The palm of superiority got to him both in archery and in hunting, where all went headed by Afrasyab himself.
The elder Piran took care of the family well-being of Sioux, and offered him to get married to one of the country's most noble families. Tsarevich, filled with love, said in response: "I want to get married with your family." A magnificent wedding was played. Piran's daughter, Jerir, became the first wife of the wizard. Near the cute wife, Siavush for a while forgot about her harsh father Kay Kavous.
It took a little longer, and one day, the spectacular Piran told Sihavush: "Although my daughter became your wife, you are born for another share. You should be married to the ruler himself. His daughter, Ferengis, is a diamond that is fostered by his father. " Siyavush conquered, saying, "If this is the order of the creator, then it is not worth opposing his will." Piran acted as a mediator. He described the desire of the prince to decorate his palace and to name his unparalleled daughter, the lord of the Ferengis.
Shah thought. It seemed to him that Piran was too zealous, caressing the lioness. Moreover, he remembered the prediction of the priests who told him that a lot of suffering and misery would be brought to him by his grandson. Piran managed to calm the lord and get an agreement on the marriage of Siaboos to his daughter.
Ferengis dressed, decorated her curls with flowers and brought to the palace of Sihavush. Seven days of fun lasted and music and songs sounded. In seven days Afrazayev gave his son-in-law the jewels and gave the land to the Chin-Sea, on which the rich cities were erected. Shah also commanded to convey to him the throne and the golden crown.
At the end of the year, Afrazayev offered to Sihavush travel around his country to Chin and choose a capital wherever he could settle. Siyavsh discovered a paradise for itself: green plains, forests, full of game. Here, in the center of the glorious city, he decided to erect the first palace.
One day, as he traversed the county, Cyavush turned to the star-countess: "Tell me, will I be happy in this magnificent city, or will I be disturbed by grief?" The head of the star-counters replied: "There is no grace in you in this city."
The piranha was ordered by the lord of Turan, in which he ordered to collect tribute from all the lands under his jurisdiction. Piran, having forgave with Siyavush, went to fulfill the high command.
Meanwhile, the word about the beautiful city - the pearl of the country, which was named Siuvushkert - spread. Returning from the campaign, Piran visited this city. He came to admire, wondering about his beauty, and giving praise to Sihavush, handed the Ferguson crochet and a necklace that blinded his eyes. Then he went to Houghton to see the Shah. After reporting to him about his mission, he also told about the grandeur and beauty of the city built by Siyavush.
After some time Afrazayev sent his brother Garcivaz to see the construction and congratulate Siawush with his luck. Siyavush came out to meet his wife, hugged an eminent hero and asked about the health of the Shah.
The next morning, the messenger reported a joyous message: a son was born to Sihavush. He was called by Farid. Piran was jubilant, but Garcivaz thought: "Give the time - and Siyavush will ascend above the country." After all, he owns almost everything: and the army, and the throne, and the shah's treasury. " Garcivaz was very alarmed. Upon returning to the capital, he reported to the Shah on how Siawoos ascended, how the messengers of Iran, Chin and Rumah came to him, and warned his brother about the danger that might befall him. Shah hesitated; Believe it all? - and ordered Garcivaza to go again to Sihavush and give him that he would immediately come to court.
Cyavush was glad to meet the lord, but Garcivaz spoke Afrasyaba and presented the case so that as a result of the evil spirit he became hostile to the hero and burned with fierce hatred. Siyavush, remembering the good lords, was still going to go to him, but Garcivaz brought more and more arguments. Finally, calling the scribe, he wrote a letter to Afrasyabu, in which he praised him and said that Ferengis was burdened with a burden, and Siyavush was chained to her head.
Shah's brother was rushing to Afrasayab to report another lie about the fact that Siyavush allegedly did not accept the letter, did not go out to meet Garcivaz and was generally hostile to Turan and was waiting for Iranian ambassadors. Afrasyev, believing in the sins of his brother, was determined to lead the troops and put an end to the alleged turmoil.
Meanwhile, fearing for his life, Si'avush decides to go with his wife in Iran, but in the way he overtakes the lord of Turan. Feeling in trouble, Siavush's wife was ready to fight, but the commander said that he would not stain his lineage by war. Garcivaz all the persistent hurried Afrasyab to begin the battle. Afrasyab gave orders to destroy the Syavush army.
True to his oath, Cyavush did not touch either the sword or the spear. Thousands of Iranian soldiers died. Here the warrior Afrasyaba Garuy threw the arkan and snatched the neck of Syavush loop.
Having heard the black message, the wife of Siwaves Ferengis rushed to the feet of her father, begging for mercy.
But Shah did not take her to prayers and drove away, having ordered her to be locked into the dungeon. Murderer Garoui grabbed Siyavush, dragged him down the ground, and then hit the dagger with a dagger in the dust. Garcivaz ordered the daughter of the Shah from the prison to be killed and whipped with whips.
This has been the result of villainy. And as a sign of this, a whirlwind has risen above the earth and eclipsed the heavens.