Literature of antiquity and the Middle Ages - Summary 2019 year

Abdallah ibn Faraj (XV century)

The book of my grandfather Korkut - Poetic epic (1482)

The first poem. SONG OF BUGACH-KHANE, SON OF DIRSE-KHAN
Baydyr-khan, who has long established among the trades of the Oghuz, arranged a feast for the beaks. At the same time, he ordered to put white tents for those who have sons red for those who have no sons, but there is a daughter, and black tents for childless beekov. In order to humiliate the latter heavily, he ordered them to feed the meat of a black ram and put them on a black felt.
So did the prominent Beech Dirce Khan who came with his wife at the ceremony. He left Ba'indir Khan's betrayal in anger. At home, on the advice of his wife, Dirce-Khan arranged a feast, fed the hungry, distributed generous alms, thus drawing a son from God. He had a son born, who began to be educated as it was accepted in the nobility. At the age of fifteen, playing with his peers, he suddenly saw a fierce Khan bull who was led to the square. His comrades dropped the game and hid. But the brave young man kicked the fist to give up the angry bull that had thrown at him, and then cut off his head. With the turbulent excitement of the Oguz beaks Korkut named him Bugach (Bull). According to the Oguz tradition, the father gave his son an inheritance and gave him a bequest.
However, the Diris Khan's dignitaries, envious of the courage of the young man and the power he reached, began to weave around him intrigue. It ended with the fact that Dirce Khan hurt his bugacha in mortal wounds. Mother waited trembling for her son's return from the first hunting trip; even prepared, according to the custom of the Oghuz, to arrange a feast on this occasion. When she met her husband alone, she rushed to him with inquiries and reproaches. Without receiving the answer, she took her forty female warriors and went to look for her son,
The young man lay in the blood, barring away the vultures from himself. Khyzyr appeared and warned him that the medicine from the wounds could be a juice of mountain flowers, mixed with the mother's milk, and immediately disappeared. My mother arrived, took her son, cured, but kept everything secret from her husband. The boy finally recovered. Meanwhile, forty warriors Dirce decided to end the Khan himself: they agreed to tie him and hand him over to enemies. Upon learning of this, the Khan's wife turned to her son, told him about the incident and asked her to help her father. Bugach went one in front of the intruders and overtook them in the parking lot. Dirce-Khan did not recognize his son, he asked the traitors to allow him to enter into battle with the young man so that in case of victory, they freed him. Those agreed. But the young man entered into a battle with forty traitors, part of them killed, part took captive, and released his father.
The third poem. SONG OF KAM-BURY
Seeing the sons of the beek -bearers at Ba'yyndir Khan's reception, Kam-Bura-bek was very busy: he did not have a son. Those present at the feast prayed to God to send him a son. Then another bek said about his desire to have a daughter. Becky prayed for him too. Meanwhile, both beaks agreed to marry their future children. And now in Cam-Bura, a son was born, who was called Bamsa-Beyrek.
The boy grew up and husbands quickly. At fifteen years he became a hero, Once with his peers, he went to hunt. The merchants turned to him with a complaint about the robbers. The young man defeated a band of robbers and returned goods to the merchants.
It is noteworthy in this episode that a young man, showing a heroism, found the right to initiate the oldest custom of the Oghuz.
Hunting another time, Bamsa-Beyrec noticed in the steppe tents that belonged to a partner with him. Dede Korkut was sent by swat. They played the wedding, but on the first wedding night, the ruler of the fortress, Bayburd, attacked the young man's stake and took him prisoner. For seventeen years Bamsa-Beyrek spent in prison. Meanwhile, a rumor about his death was dismissed, and his wife was forced to agree to marry another young bek. Agreeing, she, however, sent merchants to search her husband. The latter were able to inform Bamsa-Beyrek of the incident. Bamsa-Bejrek managed to run. Not far from the dungeon, he discovered his horse and set out on his way. On the way, met a singer who was going to the wedding, exchanging his horse for a musical instrument, he came to a wedding, pretending to be a fool. With his tricks Beyrec began to entertain people, and then took part in archery competitions and came out as a winner. His tastes liked Kazan. The latter appointed Bejreck as a wedding party. Using this, Bayrek went to the women's side and demanded that the bride danced for him. Seeing his ring on her finger, he opened his wife. The wedding was upset. In the final Bejreck attacks on the fortress of Bayburd and frees thirty nine his comrades.
Fifth Poem. SONG OF DUD-KOGZY
Some Dormulul, the son of the Spirit of Kogui, built a bridge over an anhydrous riverbed, and charged thirty-three money from those who walked along the bridge, and forty-one from those who did not pass through it. He boasted that he was not and there was no man equal to him in strength. One day a nomad stopped at the bridge. And among the newcomers was a sick jigit, who soon died. The cry of him rose. I drove to the nomad Delyu Dumrul and asked who the killer was a jigit. When he learned that the young man had been deprived of life by "the glorious Azariel", he questioned him and demanded that God send Azrail to him to mend him with force. He wanted to punish him so that he no longer dared to deprive young people of life.
God did not like the insolence of Delu Dumrula, and he ordered Azrail to take away the life of Delhi. Somehow Deluru Dormul sat with his forty jigits and drank wine. Suddenly, Azrail appeared. Behind himself with rage, he cried out to him, asking how he, such ugly, came to him without warning. Having learned that before him Azrail, Delu Dumrul ordered to lock the door and rushed to him with a sword. Azrail, turning into a dove, shivered in the window. It even more soothed Delju Dormula. He took his eagle and galloped for Azrael. Killing a couple of pigeons, he returned home. And here again Azrail appeared before him. Frightened horse dumped his sadko. At the same time, Azrael sat down on his chest and was ready to take his life. I prayed to Deliver Damrula to spare him. Azrael replied that he was merely the messenger of the omnipotent God, only God gives and takes away life. And this was a revelation for Deluru Damrula. He asked God to save his life for being submissive. God told Azrael to leave him alive, but instead demanded the life of someone else. I volunteered to go to my elderly parents asking that any of them donate for him. Parents did not agree. Then Deluru Dormul asked Azrail to fulfill his last wish: to come with him to his wife to give orders before his death. Having said goodbye to his wife, Deluru Dormul ordered her to marry, so that the children would not grow without a father. The wife was ready to give life for him. God, however, did not accept her soul, but ordered Azrail to deprive her parents of Delu Dumrula, who promised the spouses for a hundred and forty years of life. but instead demanded the life of someone else. I volunteered to go to my elderly parents asking that any of them donate for him. Parents did not agree. Then Deluru Dormul asked Azrail to fulfill his last wish: to come with him to his wife to give orders before his death. Having said goodbye to his wife, Deluru Dormul ordered her to marry, so that the children would not grow without a father. The wife was ready to give life for him. God, however, did not accept her soul, but ordered Azrail to deprive her parents of Delu Dumrula, who promised the spouses for a hundred and forty years of life. but instead demanded the life of someone else. I volunteered to go to my elderly parents asking that any of them donate for him. Parents did not agree. Then Deluru Dormul asked Azrail to fulfill his last wish: to come with him to his wife to give orders before his death. Having said goodbye to his wife, Deluru Dormul ordered her to marry, so that the children would not grow without a father. The wife was ready to give life for him. God, however, did not accept her soul, but ordered Azrail to deprive her parents of Delu Dumrula, who promised the spouses for a hundred and forty years of life. to give orders before death. Having said goodbye to his wife, Deluru Dormul ordered her to marry, so that the children would not grow without a father. The wife was ready to give life for him. God, however, did not accept her soul, but ordered Azrail to deprive her parents of Delu Dumrula, who promised the spouses for a hundred and forty years of life. to give orders before death. Having said goodbye to his wife, Deluru Dormul ordered her to marry, so that the children would not grow without a father. The wife was ready to give life for him. God, however, did not accept her soul, but ordered Azrail to deprive her parents of Delu Dumrula, who promised the spouses for a hundred and forty years of life.
Sixth poem. SONG OF KAN-TURAL, SONG OF KANGLE-KOJI
In the age of Oghuz lived a wise husband named Kangli Koji. He planned to marry his son Kan Tural, and he presented unusual demands to the bride: she must get up from the bed earlier than her husband to saddle a horse and sit down before him than her husband, and before her husband attacks the gayuars, she must attack them and bring their heads. The Kaggi Kangha suggested to his son to look for himself a bride. The young man traveled around the entire Oguz world, but vain: he did not find the bride according to his taste. Then his father went along with the elders to search, and also to no avail. And the old men decided to go to Trapezund, whose ruler was the beautiful daughter of a heroic assemblage, able to pull a double bow. The girl's father announced that she would give her daughter for a man who managed to overcome three beasts: a lion, a black bull and a black camel.
Having heard of such terrible conditions, Kangli-Kogu decided to tell all this to his son. "If he finds enough courage in himself, let him pretend to be a girl's hand, if not, let him be satisfied with a girl from the Oghuz," he thought.
Kan-Turaly did not frighten these conditions. Accompanied by forty companions, he went to Trapezund and was received with honors. The young man defeated the beasts. They played the wedding, but the groom decided to immediately return home and play the wedding according to her customs, and only then join her beloved.
On the way home, Kan-Turaly decided to rest. Have chosen a suitable place. The young man fell asleep. Sel'zhan-khutun, the Kan-Tural's bride, was afraid of her father's treachery, assumed armor and began to watch the road while the groom was asleep. Her fears came true. The ruler of Trapezund decided to return his daughter back and sent a large detachment following the Kan-Tural. Seljang Hutun quickly woke the groom, and they entered into a battle, during which she lost the Kan Turali out of sight. The girl found him walking and wounded in the eye. The blood-stained blood drove him. They both rushed at gayuars together and killed all. Upon the end of the battle, Seljang Khatun planted a wounded groom on the horse and set off for a further journey. On the way to Kan-Turaly, afraid to denigrate herself by the fact that she was saved by the help of a woman, she decided to crush Sel'zhan Khatun. She offended by the bridegroom's attack took the fight and almost killed him. Then reconciliation took place. Kan-Turaly realized that she had found such a girl whom she wanted. Again played a wedding.
Eighth poem. A SONG ON WHEN THE BALANCE WAS DEPENDED ONLY
One day the enemy attacked the Oghuz. The situation flared up. In the bustle was the baby Arus Koji. He picked up the lioness and healed. After a while, the oguas returned to their parking lot. The tabernacle reported that a creature that walks like a man, strikes horses and sucking blood appears on a daily basis from the reed hives. Arus recognized in him his missing son, took him home, but he and then departed into the lair of the lion. Finally, Dede Korkut impressed him that he was a man and he should be with people, riding a horseback ride, and gave him the name Basat.
On another occasion, when the Oghuz roamed on the smock, the shepherd Arusha met at a source of several peri, caught one of them, settled down with her, after which the peri flew by telling the shepherd that he would come a year later and take her "pledge" from her. A year later, when the ooghas again roamed on a mattress, the shepherd discovered from the source a bright shiny pile. A flew over, called the shepherd, handed him his "pledge" and added: "You on the Oghuz killed dead".
The shepherd began to throw stones in a bunch of stones. But with every blow she grew. The source was the Oguz beaks headed by Bayndir Khan. The jigits started to beat the pile. But she grew up. Finally, Arus-Kogu touched her spurs, she burst, and a boy with one eye on her head came out of her. Aruz took this boy, brought him home. Several nurseries were invited, but he destroyed all of them: "Once pulled his chest, he took all the milk to a drop; pulled another time, took all the blood from her; He pulled the third time, took her soul. " Then they began to feed him with sheep's milk. He grew up rapidly and began to attack children. How Arus punished him did not help anything. Finally, Depegeas was expelled from the house.
There was a mother-peri, put on his finger ring. Depegez came out of the Oguz camp, climbed to a high mountain and became a robber. He attacked the herds, devoured people and all. Nobody could compare to him. All prominent Oguz beaks, including the omnipotent Kazan, suffered a defeat. Then they decided to send Dede Korkuta to him for negotiations. Depegez demanded sixty people daily for eating. It is agreed that the Oghuz will give him two people and five hundred rams a day and set him two cooks who will cook him food. Oghuzs took people from each family in turn. One old woman had two sons. One was taken away, when the turn came to the second, she prayed. She advised her to turn to Basat, son of Arus Koji, who was famous as a hero. Basat agreed to join the combat with the cannibal, but at the first attempt to fight with him was captured, put into a cave and handed over to the chefs. When the malefriend slept, the chef pointed to his only vulnerable spot - the eye. Basat sparkled spit and blinded them to Depegeza. An angry cannibal, to catch and punish the enemy, stood at the entrance of the cave; When he released rams, he checked each of them, but Basat managed to get out of the cave in the skin of a ram. Depegez tried three more times to defeat the enemy (through the magic ring, the enchanted dome, in which he put Basat and the magic sword), but vain. Finally Basat killed the cannibal with his own magical sword. Basat sparkled spit and blinded them to Depegeza. An angry cannibal, to catch and punish the enemy, stood at the entrance of the cave; When he released rams, he checked each of them, but Basat managed to get out of the cave in the skin of a ram. Depegez tried three more times to defeat the enemy (through the magic ring, the enchanted dome, in which he put Basat and the magic sword), but vain. Finally Basat killed the cannibal with his own magical sword. Basat sparkled spit and blinded them to Depegeza. An angry cannibal, to catch and punish the enemy, stood at the entrance of the cave; When he released rams, he checked each of them, but Basat managed to get out of the cave in the skin of a ram. Depegez tried three more times to defeat the enemy (through the magic ring, the enchanted dome, in which he put Basat and the magic sword), but vain. Finally Basat killed the cannibal with his own magical sword.