Literature of antiquity and the Middle Ages - Summary 2019 year

Wolfram von Eschenbach (approx. 1170 - approx. 1220)

The Song of the Nibelungenli (Das Nibelungenlied) - Epic Poem (approx. 1200)

Nibelung was named one of two kings killed by Siegfried. This name then passed on to the Dutch knight itself and to its fabulous subjects - the custodians of treasure. From the twenty-fifth of August, the Nibelongs are called Burgundians.
In the wonderful legends of the past days it is said that a girl named Krimhilda lived in the land of Burgundians - such beautiful and sweet that all knights of the land dreamed about it. The reason for many disasters was this extraordinary beauty.
Krimhilda grew up in the fort in the city of Worms under the protection of three kings brothers, brave and noble knights. Gunther, Gernot and young Gisielher ruled Burgundy, relying on their brave wife and faithful vassals - the most powerful of them was Hagen, the ruler of the Tronie. For hours, one could talk about this brilliant courtyard, the exploits of the Burgundian heroes, their tournaments, feasts and fun.
One day, Krimhilde had a dream, as if a falcon had flown to her in the upper chamber and two eagles had been stuck on her eyes. Uta's mother told her daughter that the falcon is her future husband, destined to perish from the hands of the murderers. Then the girl decided not to marry, so as not to mourn after that loved one. Many were married to the charming king, but they were refused. She enjoyed the peace until the glorious knight led her to the crown. For the death of his Krimhilda terribly avenged his native.
King of the Netherlands, Zygmund, was the son of Siegfried, the beauty and pride of his native country. The young warrior was so bold and good that all the ladies sighed about him. Having heard of a wonderful Burgundian maid, Siegfried was determined to get her hand. The disturbed parents begged her son to not associate with the lush and belligerent burgundy. But Siegfried insisted on her and went on a long journey, taking only twelve people with her. The courtyard was watching the Queen in despondency and longing - many people suggested that this measure would not bring good.
When alien knights appeared in Worms, Hagen immediately recognized Siegfried and counseled Hunter to honor the glorified hero who, in an honest duel, won the huge treasure of the Nibelunges, the sword of Balmung and the cloak of invisibility. In addition, the knight is invulnerable: having killed a terrible dragon and washed himself in the blood, he hunched so much that no weapon took him. Siegfried on the move offered the Hunter a bet on possession. All of the Burgundians raged this haughty challenge, but Hagen, to all astonishment, kept silent. The king calmed down the ardent knight with affectionate words, and Siegfried, fearing to deprive Krimhilda, accepted the invitation to stay in Worms. The year passed in tournaments and contests: Siegfried always won the top, but he never managed to see him with Krimhilda, although the girl secretly watched him out of the window. Suddenly, the Saxons and the Danes declared war on Hunter. Burgundians were taken by surprise, and the king, following the advice of Hagen, told Siegfried about everything. The hero promised to repel a threat with his Dutch, and only asked for help from the troops from Tronia for help. The savage Saxons and the Danes were given a crushing rebuff - Siegfried himself captured their leaders, who swore to never again attack the Burgundians. In the award, Gunter allowed Siegfried to meet with his sister at the feast.
Gunter dreamed of taking his wife, the Queen of Iceland, Brunhilda - a mighty girl-warrior. Siegfried agreed to help a friend, but instead demanded Krimhilda's hands. It was decided that four men would go on a dangerous trip - both the king and Hagen with his younger brother Dankvartom. Brunhilde immediately identified Siegfried and greeted him first, but the Dutch hero said that he was just a vassal of the Burgundian king. Hunter had to defeat Brunhild in three competitions: Stronger to throw a spear and then throw a stone, and then jump it in full armament. The loser's knight, like all his companions, was expecting an inevitable death. Taking advantage of the cloak-invisible, Siegfried defeated Brunhilda, and had to accept the proud maiden: she agreed to marry, and declared to the Icelanders that they now belong to Gunter's subjects.
When the heroes returned to Worms with a celebration, Siegfried reminded Hunter of their conspiracy. Two weddings played in one day. Brunhilda thought that the king humiliated his sister, who became the wife of a simple vassal. Gunter's explanations did not satisfy her, and she threatened that he would not let him on the bed until he recognized the truth. The king tried to take his wife by force, but the rich man tied him and hung him on the hook in the bedroom. Gunther turned to Siegfried again. He appeared under the cover of an invisible cloak and humbled Brunhilda by removing the belt and ring from her. Later he gave these things to Krimhilde - fatal carelessness, for which he had to pay dearly. And Gunther took possession of the heroic maid, and from that moment on she became equal in strength to all women. Both married couples were happy in marriage. Siegfried returned with his young wife to the Netherlands, where he was greeted by vassals and relatives. The elderly Sigmund happily yielded to the son's throne. Ten years later, Krimhilda gave birth to the heir, who was called by Gunter in honor of his uncle. Brynhilda also had a son, and he was given the name Siegfried.
Brunhilda often asked the question: why iszlovka so shaking, because in her husband she got, albeit notable, but vassal? The queen began asking Gunter to invite Siegfried and her spouse to visit. He yielded with great reluctance and sent the jurors to the Netherlands. On the contrary, Siegfried was glad to see Vormsky's family, and even the old man Sigmund agreed to accompany him. Ten days in the festivities and funs flew, and the eleventh queens began to argue about whose husband was valiant. At first, Krimhilda said that Siegfried could easily seize Gunter's kingdom. Brunhilda objected to this that Siegfried was her husband's servant. Krimhilda was furious; the brothers would never give her a vassal, and in order to prove the absurdity of these statements, she would first enter the cathedral. At the gates of the Cathedral of Brunhilda, he humbly ordered her to give way to her; the wife of the bridegroom should not deny her mistress. Krimhilda threw the concubine of her husband better to keep silent. Brunhilde was looking forward to the end of the service, wanting to refute the terrible accusation. Then Krimhilda presented a belt and a ring that was inadvertently given to her by Siegfried. Brunhilda burst into tears, and Gunther urged Siegfried to answer. He swore that he told nothing to his wife. The honor of the Burgundian king was threatened, and Hagen began to bow him to revenge. that he told nothing to his wife. The honor of the Burgundian king was threatened, and Hagen began to bow him to revenge. that he told nothing to his wife. The honor of the Burgundian king was threatened, and Hagen began to bow him to revenge.
After much hesitation, Gunther agreed. A trick was invented to reveal the secret of the invulnerable Siegfried: the false runners came to Worms with the news that the Saxons and the Danes are again coming to the Burgundians. Frightened Siegfried rushed into a fight with the traitors, and Krimhilda was exhausted by fear for her husband - just at that moment she came to the crafty Hagen. In the hope of protecting her husband, she was revealed to her relative: when Siegfried was swimming in the blood of the dragon, on his back he fell a linden leaf - and in this place the hero became vulnerable. Hagen asked to put a tiny cross on Siegfried's kaftan - supposedly in order to better protect the Dutchman in battle. After this, it was announced that the Danes with the Saxons shamefully retreated, and Gunther offered himself a fun hunt. When heated and unarmed Siegfried leaned over the spring to mate, Hagen inflicted a treacherous blow on him. The dead knight was laid to the threshold of Krimhilda; Servants stumbled upon him in the morning, and the unfortunate immediately understood what grief had fallen upon her. The Nibelunges and Sigmund were ready to pay off immediately with the unknown enemy, and the Burgundians claimed that Siegfried was killed in the forest by unknown robbers. Only Krimhilda had no doubt that revenge had been made by Hagen on the initiative of Brunhilda and with the knowledge of Gunter. A disgruntled widow wanted to go to the Netherlands, but her relatives managed to dissuade her: she would be there alien and hateful because of her kinship with the burgundy. To Sigmund's indignation, Krimhilda remained in Worms, and then Hagen realized his long-term plan: he took away the widow's treasure from the Nibelungov - a husband's wedding present. With the consent of the kings, the owner of Tronie drowned countless treasures in the Rhine, and all four gave an oath not to discover where the treasure was hidden, while at least one of them was alive.
It's been thirteen years old. Krimhilda lived in grief and loneliness, mourning her husband. The mighty ruler of the Huns, Etzel, lost her husband Helgi, began to think about a new marriage. Approximately told him that the beautiful Krimhilda, the widow of incomparable Siegfried, lives on the Rhine. Marghraf Behlaran Riedeger, the devoted vassal of Etzel, went to Worms. The kings of brothers met the marriage favorably, but Hagen fiercely objected to this marriage. But Gunther wanted to reconcile with his sister and somehow make up his guilt in front of her. Remained to convince Krimhilda, and Ryudeger swore to defend her from all enemies. The widow, thinking only of revenge, agreed. Farewell to her family was cold - Krimhilda regretted only about her mother and young Gisjelkhere.
A young woman was on a long journey. Everywhere it was received with great reverence, for Etzel surpassed the power of all the kings of the earth. Soon, Krimhilda gained the hearts of the Huns with generosity and beauty. To the great happiness of the spouse and the subjects, she gave birth to a son - Ortlib had to inherit twelve crowns. Not doubting more about the affection of the Huns, Krimhilda approached her husband thirteen years after the wedding requesting them to invite the brothers to visit the brothers so that people would not call her a descendant. Ezzel, rejoicing in the opportunity to please his beloved spouse, immediately sent racers to the Rhine. Secretly meeting with them before leaving, Krimhilda taught them how to achieve that, along with the brothers, her wounded enemy arrived. Despite Hagen's vehement objections, the Burgundian kings agreed to go to see his son-in-law — the owner Tronier gave in when Gernot dared to accuse him of cowardice.
The Nibelunges came on a campaign - there were nine hundred thieves and nine thousand servants. The dear mermaids warned Hagan that all of them, apart from the chaplain, would perish in a strange land. The owner of the Tronier, having killed an angry carrier, handed over his army through the Danube. Wishing to check the prediction, Hagen pushed the chaplain overboard and tried to drown by the sixth, but the old priest managed to reach the opposite bank. Then Hagen broke the ship into chips and ordered his companions to prepare for imminent death. Here on the Nibelung were attacked Bavarians, furious with the assassination of the carrier, but their onslaught was repulsed. But in Bechlaran, the Burgundians were welcomed, for Ryudeger did not suspect Krimhilda's intentions. Young Gisielher got married with the daughter of the Markgraf, Garnot received a sword as a gift from him, and Hagen is a shield.
Huns were looking forward to dear guests. I especially wanted everyone to look at who Siegfried was killed. Krimhilda also trembled impatiently, seeing Hagen, she realized that the hour of vengeance had broken. The queen, quitting with her family, kissed only one Gysjelker. Hagen did not stop sarcastically from marking this, which brought Krimhilda even more fierce. And Nibelungov warned about the threat that hung over them, Dietrich Bernsky, a mighty knight who lost his kingdom and found shelter from Etzel. A lot of exiles gathered at the Huns court: they were all devoted to Etzel and paid dearly for their loyalty.
Of all the comrades, Hagen highlighted the daring Folker, who was nicknamed the spy for a great play on the violin. Going into the yard, both friends sat down on the bench, and Krimhilda noticed them out of the window. She decided to take advantage of the convenient occasion and gathered many Huns to endure with her offender at last. The high-profile Hagen did not want to stand in front of the queen and displayed the sword of Badmung, which he had taken away from the dead Siegfried. Krimhilda wept from anger and humiliation, but the Huns did not dare to attack the brave knights. And Hagen ordered the burgundy not to shoot weapons even in the church. Amazing Aetzel asked who dared to offend the guests. Hagen replied that nobody had insulted them; it was just that in Burgundy, it was only three days to have a feast in full armor. Krimhilda remembered the customs of her native country, but she kept silent for fear of provoking her husband. Then she spoke to Bledel, brother of Etzel, to deal with the Burgundian servant, who drank separately under the supervision of Dunkvara. Wounded with anger, the woman also ordered to bring Ortliba to the celebration.
Bledel attacked almost unarmed servants. The Burundian courage fought with an unprecedented courage, but only Dankvart managed to escape from this massacre alive. Having cut his way with a sword, he broke into the main hall with news of unheard-of treason. In response, Hagen shook Ortlib's head from his shoulders, and immediately a fierce battle broke out. The Burgundians were allowed to go out only to their friends - Dietrich with his amelungami and Ryudeger with the Behlara's wife. The ruler of Bern rescued from the inevitable death and Etzel with Krimhilda. Nibelungi, having intercepted seven thousand Huns, threw corpses on the stairs. Then the Danes rushed in bloody slaughter with the Saxons - the Nibelongs also killed them. The day was approaching the evening, and the Burgundians were asked to transfer the battle to the courtyard. But the vengeful Krimhilda demanded Hagen's head - and even Gisielheruh could not mitigate her. Etzel ordered the room to fire
In the morning, Etzel again sent to his wife the remnants of battle. Ryudeger tried to appeal to Dietrich, but he said that the Burgundians could not be saved - the king would never forgive them for the death of his son. Krimhilda demanded that Ryudeger be fulfilled the vow. In vain, the unfortunate margagrave begged not to ruin his soul: Etzel replied in return about his vassal duty. Began the worst fight - in the fight came friends. Ryudeger gave his shield to Hagen: the thrown master Tronie swore not to raise a sword on him, but the markrug fell from the hands of his mortally wounded Gernot. Bechlarens killed all to one.
Amelunges, having learned about it, bitter bitterly and asked the Burgundians to give out the body of the Margrave. The old squadron, Dietrich Hildebrand, tried to keep the hot young, but the battle broke out, and the battle followed. In this last battle, all amelunges fell, and only two were left in the burgundy - Gunther and Hagen. Shocked by Dietrich, a loser's wife overnight, offered them to surrender, promising to save their lives, but Hagen's led to a mad anger. The burgundy were already exhausted by the fight. In a desperate battle, the master of Bern captivated both of them and handed over to Krimhilda, pleading to spare them. Krimhilda came to the dungeon to Hagen with the requirement to return the treasure. The owner of Tronie answered that he had vowed not to reveal the secret while one of the kings was alive. Krimhilda ordered the killer of Gunter and brought Hagan a chopped head. For the owner of Tronie there was a moment of celebration: he declared to the "witch" that now the treasure will never get to her. Krimhilda cut off his head with his own hands, and Etzel could not hold back his sobbing - the braveest of the knights was killed by a woman's hand. Old Hildebrand fired "devil" with a sword in resentment. So the Nibelongs were killed - the most deserving and the best are always waiting for untimely death.