Literature of antiquity and the Middle Ages - Summary 2019 year

Wolfram von Eschenbach (approx. 1170 - approx. 1220)

Parzival - A poetic knight romance (1198-1210, published 1783)

The Anjou king is dying on the battlefield. According to the ancient custom, the throne goes to the eldest son. But he kindly invites his younger brother, Gamuret, to share the inheritance equally. Gamuret refuses from wealth and goes to other countries, in order to glorify the name of the king with knights' exploits. Gamuret offers his assistance to the ruler of Baghdad Baruk and wins victory. After many adventures, the sea waves nail the Gamureta ship to the shores of the kingdom of the Moors under the name of Zazamanka. Everywhere the young man sees traces of military defeat. The black-haired queen Zazamanki, the beautiful Belakan, asks for help from him. Knight valiantly fights against enemies of the Moors, wins victory, makes Belakan's love and becomes king Zazamanki. But soon he thinks of military feats again, and he secretly leaves his wife. In his absence, the son of Feyrefitz, whose body is half black and half white, is born in Belakan. Gamurette arrives in Spain. Herzeloy's Queen, wishing to choose a worthy spouse, attends the knightly tournament. Gamuret wins. After long and painful vibrations, he agrees to marry Hercelegos, provided that she will not keep him in the kingdom. He goes on a regular trip and dies.
The son of Parcyfal is born to the queen. Together with him and a few subjects, the reckless Hercelegos leave the kingdom and retire in the woods. Trying to save Parsifal from fatherhood, she forbids servants to mention the name of the father and everything connected with his origin, wars and knight exploits. The boy grows in the bosom of nature, spending time in innocent fun. Years pass imperceptibly. Once during the hunt, Parsifal meets three horsemen in the woods. Enchanted by the magnificent equipment of the knights, the young man takes them for the gods and falls to his knees. They raise him up for laughter and hide. Soon, before the Parsifal, another knight appears; he is so beautiful that the young man takes him as a deity. Earl Utlerek tells Parsifal that he persecutes three intruders. They kidnapped the girl and, despising the knight's honor, disappeared. The young man points to him in what direction riders rushed. The graph entracts a simple-minded young man with tales of chivalrous exploits and of life at the court of King Arthur and says that Percyval may also enter the king for service. A young man comes to his mother and requires a horse and armor to go to Nantes, to King Arthur. Anxious Hercelinoide chooses for his son an old clasp and a shout outfit in the hope that in such a stubborn and unkempt boy will not be allowed to the court. On parting, she gives him an order: to help the good ones, not to know the bad ones, and if he really loves the girl, then let her take a ring. And he must remember the name of their fierce enemy, the villain Leelin, who ruined her kingdom. The excited Parcyfal leaves, and the unhappy mother soon dies of grief. The graph entracts a simple-minded young man with tales of chivalrous exploits and of life at the court of King Arthur and says that Percyval may also enter the king for service. A young man comes to his mother and requires a horse and armor to go to Nantes, to King Arthur. Anxious Hercelinoide chooses for his son an old clasp and a shout outfit in the hope that in such a stubborn and unkempt boy will not be allowed to the court. On parting, she gives him an order: to help the good ones, not to know the bad ones, and if he really loves the girl, then let her take a ring. And he must remember the name of their fierce enemy, the villain Leelin, who ruined her kingdom. The excited Parcyfal leaves, and the unhappy mother soon dies of grief. The graph entracts a simple-minded young man with tales of chivalrous exploits and of life at the court of King Arthur and says that Percyval may also enter the king for service. A young man comes to his mother and requires a horse and armor to go to Nantes, to King Arthur. Anxious Hercelinoide chooses for his son an old clasp and a shout outfit in the hope that in such a stubborn and unkempt boy will not be allowed to the court. On parting, she gives him an order: to help the good ones, not to know the bad ones, and if he really loves the girl, then let her take a ring. And he must remember the name of their fierce enemy, the villain Leelin, who ruined her kingdom. The excited Parcyfal leaves, and the unhappy mother soon dies of grief. A young man comes to his mother and requires a horse and armor to go to Nantes, to King Arthur. Anxious Hercelinoide chooses for his son an old clasp and a shout outfit in the hope that in such a stubborn and unkempt boy will not be allowed to the court. On parting, she gives him an order: to help the good ones, not to know the bad ones, and if he really loves the girl, then let her take a ring. And he must remember the name of their fierce enemy, the villain Leelin, who ruined her kingdom. The excited Parcyfal leaves, and the unhappy mother soon dies of grief. A young man comes to his mother and requires a horse and armor to go to Nantes, to King Arthur. Anxious Hercelinoide chooses for his son an old clasp and a shout outfit in the hope that in such a stubborn and unkempt boy will not be allowed to the court. On parting, she gives him an order: to help the good ones, not to know the bad ones, and if he really loves the girl, then let her take a ring. And he must remember the name of their fierce enemy, the villain Leelin, who ruined her kingdom. The excited Parcyfal leaves, and the unhappy mother soon dies of grief. and if he really loves the girl, then let her take her ring. And he must remember the name of their fierce enemy, the villain Leelin, who ruined her kingdom. The excited Parcyfal leaves, and the unhappy mother soon dies of grief. and if he really loves the girl, then let her take her ring. And he must remember the name of their fierce enemy, the villain Leelin, who ruined her kingdom. The excited Parcyfal leaves, and the unhappy mother soon dies of grief.
In the forest, the young man sees a tent, and in him - a beautiful sleeping girl. Without thinking twice, he takes off the ring and kisses his lips. But in horror he wakes up and drives a brave young man. Soon her husband - Orilus returns, sees the traces of a stranger, and blames her in anger for treason. Meanwhile, Parsifal hastened further. He meets a girl sobbing over the murdered groom, and swears to crush the murderer, the Duke of Orilus. From the story of Parsifal, the girl guesses who he is, and reveals to him the secret of his origin. It turns out that she is his cousin, Siguna, and the young man goes back on track and meets Itera Red, the cousin of King Arthur's nephew. He tells him that the king had deprived him of his possessions; Iter, however, took the golden crown of the king in bail and gave it only under one condition: he would fight with any knight from the king's suite, to return the right to their lands. The young man promises the knight to hand over his request to King Arthur.
Present to the king in his dress code, Parcyfal demands that he be taken to the royal suite, naively considering himself ready for the knight's ministry. He talks about a meeting with Iter Krasny and tells the king that he is craving for honest martial arts. To get rid of the annoying eccentric, the advisor of the king suggests to send him to the fight. Fearing for his life and at the same time not wanting to offend an ambitious Partzipal, the king reluctantly agrees. The young man enters the fight and miraculously wins. Holding the armor of a murdered knight, the young man goes on.
Parcyfal arrives in the city where he receives welcome Prince Gurmermann. Having learned his story, he decides to teach the untrained young man the rules of knight's behavior. He explains to Partzial that the knight should not allow himself stupid tricks and endlessly ask insignificant questions. Getting these helpful tips, Parsifal goes on. He approaches to the besieged city, which is ruled by the Gurmermans niece, Queen Kondwimamur. Percival defeats its enemies and gives them life, provided that they will now serve King Arthur. Having obtained the love of the queen, Parsifal marries her. Becoming a king, he lives in happiness and abundance, but his longing for a mother makes him go back into the path again.
When he finds himself in the forest, on the shore of the lake, Percyfal sees in the surroundings of fishermen a man embroidered in gold royal apparel, and he offers him to spend the night in his castle. To the amazement of Parsifal, the residents greet him with joyful shouts. In the luxurious rear, he sees the owner of the castle, Anfortas. According to his species, Parsifal guesses that he is seriously ill. Suddenly inexplicable things begin to happen. The armored squabble goes out into the hall with a bloody spear, and everyone begins to moan and cry. Then there are beautiful maids with lamps, and behind them is the queen who brings the sacred stone Graal, from which comes a miraculous radiance. When she puts it before Anfortas, on the tables suddenly there are gourmet dishes. Percyfal is shocked by everything that happens, but he does not dare to ask questions, remembering the teachings of Guremanets. The next morning, he discovers that the castle is empty, and goes on.
In the forest, he meets the girl and finds out in her the cousin of Sigun. When he heard that he had been to Munzalves, a so-called castle, and when he saw all the wonders, he did not ask a king a single question; it pierced Percival with curse. It turns out that he could heal Anfortas and restore his former prosperity to the kingdom by one question. Percyfal desperately continues his journey and meets the very beauty, from whose hands he once took off the ring boldly. A jealous husband cursed her, and she wanders around the world, the poor and dressed in chains. Percyfal returns the ring and proves the innocence of the girl.
Meanwhile, King Arthur goes on a hike and on the way asks everyone about the valiant Knight of Parsifal to rank him in the heroes of the Round Table. When Parcyphalus leads to the king's nephew Arthur Havana, the magician Kundri suddenly appears. She tells everyone that Percyfal did not take the opportunity to heal Anfortas. Now for Percival there is one way to save Anfortas: to redeem his blame for exploits. Kundra talks about Chatelet Marvey's castle, where four hundred beautiful girls, who were captured by the enemy of Anfortas, the villain Klingfor, languish.
Closed and sad, Parcyfal leaves King Arthur. On the way to Munalsalves, he meets the worshipers. On this holy day - on Good Friday - they call upon the young knight to join them. But he refuses to lose faith in God after so many mischiefs and failures. But soon he repents and confesses in his sins the hermit Trenritsent. It turns out that this hermit is Brother Anfortas and Hercelouli. He tells Percival the story of Anfortas. After inheriting the wonderful stone of the Grail, he longed for even greater glory, but in a duel he received a wound, which has not healed since then. One day, on the holy stone, an inscription appeared: to heal Anfortas can be a knight, who, being filled with compassion, will ask him the question of the cause of his torment. Percyfal learns that after the healing of Anfortas, the guardian of the Grail will be the one whose name appears on the stone.
Meanwhile, after many adventures, Havana arrives at Chatelet Marvey Castle. The curtain wizard Kundri told about the castle to the knights. Passing all the tests that the owner of the castle, Klingerson, arranges for him, he frees captive beauties. Havana now faces a fight with its ancient enemy Gramoflanc. By mistake, he takes his friend Parsifal for him and they fight. Percyfal begins to overcome the knight unknown to him, but suddenly finds out that this is his friend Havana, Tomorrow, Gavan must fight Gramoflanc, but he is exhausted in a duel with Parsifal. Under the guise of Havana, Parcyfal is secretly struggling with Gramoflanc and is winning.
The parcyfal goes back to the path again. In other parts of the world, he enters into martial arts with the lord of the Moors by the Feyreths. Not knowing that this is his half-brother, the son of Gamureta, Parcyfal beats with him not to life, but to death. But the forces of the opponents are equal. Having learned that they are brothers, they throw themselves in arms each other and go together to King Arthur. There, Parcyfal sees the wizard of Kundri again, and he solemnly announces to everyone that the young knight has passed all the trials and redeemed his guilt. On the stone Graal appeared his name. Heaven is chosen by Parsifal: from now on he becomes the guardian of the Grail. Parcyfal and Feyrefis arrive in Munalsalves, and Parcyfal finally asks Anthorath the question that everyone has been waiting for so long. Anfortas is healed. At this time, the wife of Parsifal, Kondwiramor, arrives at the castle with two sons. Feyrethias takes holy baptism and marries Anthorath's sister. Everyone in the castle celebrates the deliverance from the disasters that once perceived the kingdom.