Literature of antiquity and the Middle Ages - Summary 2019 year

Bana (VII century)

Kadambari - A novel in prose, left unsigned and finished, by legend, son. Bans - Bhushan

King Shudrake comes from the caste of untouchables (chandals) and gives him a talking parrot. At the request of Shudraki, the parrot says that, being a nestling, he barely escaped from the hunters and found refuge in the monastery of the wise singer, Jambadi. Jambali told a parrot about his past births, for whose sins he suffers from a bird's eye.
Once in the city of Ujjajini, King Tarapida ruled for a long time without children. One day he saw in a dream how his wife Wilaasavi entered his full moon, and when, after this miraculous sign, he had a son, he called him Chandrapid ("Crowned by the Month"). At the same time, the Minister of Tarapida, Squanashi, also has a son - Vaishamyana, and from the early childhood he becomes the closest friend of Chandrapid. When Chandrapida grew up, Tarapida anointed him into the heirs of the kingdom, and Chandrapida, along with Vaihampayana, led a mighty army to go on a campaign to conquer the world. After successfully completing the hike on the way back to Uddzhayini, Chandrapid, having withdrawn from the suite, got lost in the woods and, not far from Mount Kailas, on the shore of Lake Achchoda, saw a mournful girl engaged in harsh asceticism. This girl named Mahashveta the daughter of one of the kings of demigods-gandharwas, says that one day, during a stroll, she met two young hermits: Pundarik, son of the goddess Lakshmi and the sage of Shvetaket, and his friend Kapindzhalu. Mahashveta and Pundarika at first sight fell in love with each other, fell in love with so much that when Mahashveta had to return to her palace, Pundarika died, even with a brief separation from her. Mahashveta desperately tries to commit suicide, but a certain divine husband descends from heaven, comforting her with the promise of the upcoming date with her beloved, and carries the body of Pundarika with her to heaven. Following Pundarika and his abductor, he rushes to Kapinjala sky; Mahashveta, however, remains to live on a hermit on the shore of Acchonds. and his friend Kapinjalu. Mahashveta and Pundarika at first sight fell in love with each other, fell in love with so much that when Mahashveta had to return to her palace, Pundarika died, even with a brief separation from her. Mahashveta desperately tries to commit suicide, but a certain divine husband descends from heaven, comforting her with the promise of the upcoming date with her beloved, and carries the body of Pundarika with her to heaven. Following Pundarika and his abductor, he rushes to Kapinjala sky; Mahashveta, however, remains to live on a hermit on the shore of Acchonds. and his friend Kapinjalu. Mahashveta and Pundarika at first sight fell in love with each other, fell in love with so much that when Mahashveta had to return to her palace, Pundarika died, even with a brief separation from her. Mahashveta desperately tries to commit suicide, but a certain divine husband descends from heaven, comforting her with the promise of the upcoming date with her beloved, and carries the body of Pundarika with her to heaven. Following Pundarika and his abductor, he rushes to Kapinjala sky; Mahashveta, however, remains to live on a hermit on the shore of Acchonds. comforting her with the promise of the upcoming date with her beloved, and pounds the body of Pundarika with her to heaven. Following Pundarika and his abductor, he rushes to Kapinjala sky; Mahashveta, however, remains to live on a hermit on the shore of Acchonds. comforting her with the promise of the upcoming date with her beloved, and pounds the body of Pundarika with her to heaven. Following Pundarika and his abductor, he rushes to Kapinjala sky; Mahashveta, however, remains to live on a hermit on the shore of Acchonds.
Mahashveta introduces Chandrapid with his girlfriend, also the princess gandharvah, Kadambari. Chandrapida and Kadambari fall in love with each other no less fierce than Pundarika and Mahashveta. Soon they have to part, as Chandralida, at the request of her father, must return to Uddzhayini for a while. He leaves, leaving behind the head of the army to Vaihampanyun, and he for a few days lingered at the Accesories, where he meets Mahashvet, to which he feels insurmountable impulses. Tired of Pundaric and angry with the persistent persecution of the Vaisampayans, Mahashveta curses him, foretting that he will become a parrot in his future birth. And immediately, as soon as she pronounced the curse, the young man dies.
When Chandrapida returns to Acchhoda and learns about the sad affair of a friend, he himself falls to the breathless earth. Kadambarie desperately seeks death, but suddenly a divine voice sounds like that, which orders her to renounce her intention and stay at the body of Chandralida until his upcoming resurrection. Soon, to Kadambari and Mahashveta, descends from Kapinzhala sky. He learned that the body of Pundaricus carried away to heaven is none other than the god of the moon Chandra. Chandra told him that, with his own rays, once delivered to Pundarika, and so suffering because of love for Mahashveta, new torture, and he cursed him for heartlessness: he was destined to earthly birth, in which the god of the moon should experience the same as Pundarika, love flour At the curse of Chandra, he answered the curse, in which Pundarika, in his new birth, would share with God the moon of his suffering. Due to the mutual curses, Chandra was born on earth as Chandrapid, and then as Shudrak; The Pundarika was, first, as the Vaišmagyana, and then in the form of a parrot who also told King Shudrake the story of his past births.
Thanks to the devotion of Father Pundarika to Shvetaket, the timing of the cries of Chandra, Pundarika and Mahashveta comes to an end. Once, Kadambari, obeying a sudden rush, hugs the body of Chandrapid. The touch of a beloved brings the prince back to life; right there from the skies Pundarika descends and falls into the arms of Mahashvety. The next day, Chandrapida and Kadambari, Pundarika and Mahashveta celebrate their weddings in the capital of Gandharwas. Since then, the lovers are not separated, but Chandra-Chandrapid part of his life (the bright half of the lunar months) spends the moon as the god of God in the sky, and the other part (their dark half) on earth as the king of Ujjajini.