Literature of antiquity and the Middle Ages - Summary 2019 year
Unknown - Saga heroic
Saga about people from Laxdoela (Laxdoela saga) mid XIII century
The story of the eight generations of an Icelandic race is told in the saga. The central place is dedicated to the seventh generation: the events associated with it occurred at the end of X - the beginning of the XI century.
Ketil Plosokosyy occupied a high position in Norway. When King Harald the Great Red Bull reached its highest power, Keith assembled relatives for advice. Everyone agreed that it was necessary to leave the country. The sons of Keith Bjarn and Helgi decided to settle in Iceland, about which they had heard many tempting. Keith said that in his advanced years it is better to go west, beyond the sea. He knew these places well. Kelly went to his daughter UNN Wise. In Scotland, he was well received by notable people: he and his relatives were offered to settle, where they would want. UNN's son, Mudry Thorstein, was a lucky warrior and took possession of half of Scotland. He became konung, but the Scots broke the conspiracy and insultfully attacked him. After the death of his father and the death of his son UNN, the Wise secretly ordered the ship to be built in the forest, set it on and set off. All the surviving relatives drove along with her. There was no other chance that a woman would be saved from the menacing danger with so many companions and with such a wealth! She was accompanied by many worthy people, but all was surpassed by a noble man named Colle from the Valley.
Torstein Red had six daughters and one son, who was called Olav feylan. Unn gave out all his granddaughters, and each of them gave birth to the famous family. In Iceland, Un, first of all visited the brothers, and then occupied vast lands around Breda Fjord. In the spring, Colle was married to Torgerd, the daughter of Torstein Red, - Unn gave her the whole valley of Laxdal in her dowry. She announced her successor Olaf Faylan. On the wedding day, Grandson Unne suddenly left the festival. The next morning, Olav stepped into her room and saw that she was sitting dead on the bed. People admired the fact that Unn managed to preserve dignity and greatness before the day of death.
When Coll of the Valley fell ill and died, his son Haskuld was in the young years. But Torgerd, the daughter of Torstein, the mother of Hascald, was still a young and very beautiful woman. After Colell's death, she told her son that she did not feel happy in Iceland. Haskuld bought her a parachute, and she sailed with great treasures to Norway, where she soon married and gave birth to her son. The boy was given the name Khrut. He was very good at himself - as before, his grandfather, Thorstein and the great-great-grandfather Kelly Ploskonosyy. After the death of his second husband, Torgerd pulled back to Iceland. She loved more than other children for Haskulda. When Torgerd died, Haskulda got all her goodness, although half had to get the Hut.
A man named Bjarn had a daughter, Jorun, a beautiful haughty girl. Haskulde got on with her and got her consent. The wedding was magnificent - all the guests left with rich gifts. Haskuld was in no way inferior to his father, Kohl. They had several children from Jorun: their sons were Torleik and Bard, their daughters - Halgherd and Turid. All of them promised to become outstanding people. Haskuld considered humiliating for himself that his house was made worse than he would have liked. He bought a ship and drove through the forest to Norway. The relatives living there met him with open arms. Konung Hakon was very gracious to him: he gave out the forest, presented a golden wrist and a sword. Haskuld bought a beautiful slave in Norway, although the merchant warned him that she was dumb. Haskuld shared the bed with her, but upon returning to Iceland she stopped paying attention to her. And Jorun said that there will not be a quarrel with the concubine, but for all it's better that it is deaf. At the end of winter, a woman gave birth to an unusually beautiful boy. Haskald called him Olave, as his uncle Olaf Feylan died shortly before. Olav stood out among other children, and Hascald was very fond of him. One day Haskulde heard how Olawa's mother spoke to his son. Approaching them, he asked the woman not to hide more of her name. She said that she was called Melkorka and that she was the daughter of Murkyartan, the King of Ireland. Haskuld replied that it was in vain that she hid her high descent for so long. Yorunn has not changed his attitude towards Melkork. Once, Melkorra murdered Jorun, and she struck her stockings on her face. Melkorka became angry and broke Jorunne's nose to the blood. Haskuld distanced women and settled Melkkor separately. It soon became apparent that her son Olav will be more beautiful and more circumspect than other people. Haskuld helped a man named Tord Goddie, and in gratitude he took Olawa for education. Melkorka considered such a adoption humiliating, but Haskuld explained that she was short-sighted: Torda had no children, and after his death Olav would inherit property. Olav grew up, became tall and strong. Haskuld called Olaoa Pavlin, and this nickname remains for him.
Hust, brother of Haskulda, was the warrior of the Konul Harald. The mother of Konung Gunnhild appreciated him so high that he did not want to compare it with anyone. The hut was about to get a great heritage in Iceland, and the crown gave him the ship. Gunnhild was very upset by his departure. When Hrus came to Haskulda, he said that his mother was not a beggar when he married in Norway. For three years, Khrust demanded tings his property, and many believed that he was right in this dispute. Then Hrutt overtook Haskulda twenty heads of cattle and killed two servants. Haskulde came into fury, but Jorun advised him to go to the world with his brother. Haskuld then gave Hrutu part of the inheritance, and Khrut repaid the damage he caused. Since then they began to get along, as well as their relatives.
Melkorka wanted Olav to go to Ireland and find his notable relatives. Wishing to help her son, she married Torbjarina Khilo, and he gave Olave a lot of goods. Haskuldu did not like all this, but he did not object. Olav went to sea and soon reached Norway. Konung Harald took him very warmly. Gunnhild also paid a lot of attention to him because of his uncle, but people said she would be glad to talk to him, even if he was not the nephew of Hrut, then Olav went to Ireland. Mother taught him his tongue and gave the golden ring that the father had given her. King Murkyartan recognized Olawa as his grandson and offered to make him his heir, but Olav refused, not wishing to lead a war with the royal sons in the future. At farewell, Murkyartan gave Olawa a spear with a golden tip and a sword of skillful work. When Olav returned to Norway, the Konung gave him a ship with a fortress and a purple cloth. The journey of Olawa brought him great fame, because everyone learned about his noble origins and how he was received in Norway and Ireland.
A year later, Haskuld began a conversation about the fact that it was time for Olav to marry, and said that he wanted to kill him Torgerd, daughter of Egil. Olav answered that he trusted the choice of his father, but he would be very unpleasant to get a rejection. Haskulde went to Egil and asked for Torgerd's hands for Olawa. Egil accepted the marriage favorably, but Torgerd said that he would never marry the son of a maid. Upon learning of this, Haskuld and Olav again came to the tent of Egil. There was a purple garment on Olawa, donated by the Kongund Harald, and in his hands he held the sword of King Murkyartan. Seeing a beautiful, elegant girl, Olav understood that it was Torgerd. He sat down next to her on the bench, and they spoke all day. After that Torgerd said that he would not resist the decision of his father. The wedding feast took place in the house of Haskulda. There were many guests, and everyone left with rich gifts. Olav then gave his father-in-law the precious sword of Murkyartan, and Egil's eyes sparkled with joy. Olav and Torgerd loved each other a lot. The farm of Olawa was the richest in Laxdal. He built a new courtyard and gave him the name of Khyardorkhost ("The hill on which the herd is going"). Olawa was very fond of everything, because he always settled disputes fairly. Olav was considered the most notable of the sons of Haskuld. When Haskuld was ill in old age, he sent for sons. Torlejk and Bard, born in marriage, had to divide the inheritance, but Haskuld asked to give a third part to Olaf. Torleyk objected that even Olawa had a lot of every kind of goodness. Then Haskuld gave Olawa a golden wrist and a sword, obtained from the bon Hagon. Then Haskulde died, and the brothers decided to arrange a lush treasure for him. Bard and Olav got along with each other, and Olav and Torleik were fighting. The summer was coming, people began to prepare for the tying, and it was clear that Olawa would receive more honor than his brothers. When Olav climbed on the Rock of Law and invited everyone to the trident in honor of Haskuld, Torleik and Bard expressed dissatisfaction - it seemed to them that Olav had gone too far. The triune was magnificent and brought great fame to the brothers, but Olav was still the first among them. Wanting to reconcile with Torleikov, Olav offered to take on the rearing of his three-year-old son, Bolly. Torleyk agreed, so Bolly grew up in Hjardarkhole. Olav and Torgerd loved him no less than his children. The eldest son of Olav called Kjartan in honor of King Murkyartan. Kjartan was the most beautiful of all the husbands ever born in Iceland. He was as tall and strong as Aegil - his grandfather on the mother. Kjartan at all achieved perfection, and people were admired by him. He was an excellent warrior and swimmer, he was distinguished by a merry and kind temper. Olav loved him more than other children. But Bolly was the first after Kjartan's skill and strength. He was tall and beautiful in his face, he was always dressed very richly. The named brothers loved each other very much.
The famous Norwegian Viking Geirmund toured Turid, daughter of Olawa. Olawa did not like this marriage, but Torgerd considered it profitable. The joint life of Guerrund and Turid was not happy with the blame of both sides. Three winters later, Turid departed from Geirmund and stole his sword by deception - this blade was called Fotbit ("Nogorez") and never rust. Heirdmund told Turid that Fotbit would take life away from the husband whose death would be the most severe loss for the family and the cause of the greatest misfortune. Upon returning home, Turid presented the sword of Bolly, who has since not parted with him.
In Laugar lived a man named Osvivir. He had five sons and a daughter named Gudrun. She was the first woman in Iceland for beauty and mind. Once upon a time Gudrun met his relative Gesta, who had the gift of providence. She told her four of her sleep, and Ghett explained them so: at Gudrun there will be four husbands - the first she will not love at all and leave her, the second will love a lot, but he will drown, the third will not cost her more than the second, and the fourth will keep her in fear and submission. After this, Gest drove to Olawa. Olav asked who among the youth would be the most outstanding man, and Gest said that Kjartan would be glorified more than others. Then Gest went to his son. He asked why he had tears in his eyes. Gest replied that an hour would come when Bully's legs would lie with Kiertan, who had been defeated by him, and then Bolly himself would suffer death.
Oswijir brushed his daughter for Torvald - a rich man, but not good. No one asked Gudrun's opinions, and she did not hide her dissatisfaction. They lived together for two winters together. Gudrun then left her husband. A man named Tord was often in their house: people used to say that there was a love bond between him and Gudrun. Gudrun demanded that Tord divorced his wife, Aud. He did so and then played a wedding with Gudrun in Laugar. Their joint life was happy, but soon the Tordas ship crashed into the pitfalls. Gudrun was very saddened by the death of Tordas.
Olav and Osviev at that time were very friendly. Kjartan liked to talk to Gudrun because she was intelligent and eloquent. People said that Kjartan and Gudrun fit each other. One day, Olav said that Gudrun really values, but his heart squeezes each time when Kjartan goes to Laugar. Kjartan replied that bad premonitions are not always realized. He continued to visit Gudrun still, and Bolly always accompanied him. A year later, Kjartan wanted to go on a journey. Gudrun was very annoyed by this decision. Kjartan asked her to wait for him for three years. In Norway, Kjartan and Bolly and their companions, at the insistence of Konung Olawa, adopted a new faith.
Sister Konung Ingibiarg was considered the most beautiful woman in the country. She really liked to talk to Kjartan, and people changed it. In the summer, the conung sent men to Iceland to preach a new faith. Kjartana he left behind, and Bolly decided to return home. So the named brothers parted for the first time.
Bollie met with Gudrun and answered all her questions about Kjartan, mentioning the great friendship between him and the sister of the Konung. Goodwin said it was good news, but it blushed, and people realized that she was rejoicing over Kjartan not so much as she wanted to show. After a while, Bolly wandered to Gudrun. She said she would not marry a single person while Kjartan was alive. However, Oswijr wanted this marriage, and Gudrun did not dare to persuade his father. Played a wedding with great flair. Bolly spent the winter in Aaugara. His life with his wife was not particularly happy with Gudrun's fault.
In the summer, Kjartan asked Kongau Olawa to let him go to Iceland, because all the local people had already accepted Christianity. Konung said that he would not break the word, although Kjartan could take the highest position in Norway. At the farewell, Ingibiarg gave Kjartan a white head scarf embroidered in gold and said that it was a wedding present for Gudrun, daughter of Osvir. When Kjartan came to the ship, Konag Olav looked after him for a long time, and then he said that it was not easy to turn away the evil rock - big misfortunes threaten Kjartan and his family.
Olawa and Osvibra have a habit of inviting each other to visit. Kjartan went to Laugar with great reluctance and behaved with restraint. Bollie wanted to give him horses, but Kjartan said he did not like horses. The named brothers partly parted, and Olav was very upset by this. Kjartan then drew herself to Hrevne, the daughter of Calw. It was a very beautiful girl. At the wedding, Kjartan gave his wife a gold-plated head scarf - nobody in Iceland had seen such a dear thing yet. Kjartan and Hrevna are very attached to each other.
Soon Oswijr arrived at the feast of Olav. Gudrun asked Hrevn to show a handkerchief and looked at him for a long time. When the guests were about to leave, Kjartan discovered that his sword had disappeared - a gift of the Konung. It turned out that he was stolen by Torullo, one of the sons of Osvir. Kjartan was going to hurt this very much, but Olav forbade him to put up with the kinsmen. After some time, people from Laxdal went to Laugar. Kjartan wanted to stay at home, but gave up his father's requests. Accepted them very well. In the morning, women began to dress, and Hrevna saw that her head scarf had disappeared. Kjartan said Bolly of everything he thinks about. In response, Gudrun noticed that Kjartan should not be trodden on extinct coals, but the handkerchief did not belong to Hrevne but to other people. Mutual invitations have since ceased. Between people from Laxdal and Laugar there was an enraged enmity.
Soon Kjartan gathered sixty people and arrived at Laugar. He ordered to guard the door and did not let anyone out for three days, so everyone had to cope with need directly in the house. The sons of Osvibra came into fury: they believed that Kjartan would have caused them less offense if they killed one or two servants. Gudrun spoke little, but it was evident that she was offended by more than others. It happened on Easter that Kjartan was passing by Laugar with only one attendant. The Good Run set up the brothers and her husband to attack him. Kjartan bravely defended and caused Osviv's sons a great deal of damage. Bolly at first did not take part in the battle, but then rushed to Kjartan with a sword. Gudrun was glad, because in the evening Hrevna will not laugh in bed. Olav was seriously suffering from the death of Kjartan, but forbade his sons to touch Bolly. Not daring to disobey his father, they killed only those who was with Bolly and the sons of Osvir. Hector did not marry anymore and died very soon, because her heart was broken from suffering.
Olav appealed for help to relatives, and on the tingle all the sons of Osvibra were declared out of order. From Bolly, Olav demanded only a whirlwind, and he willingly paid. After the death of Olav Torgerd, he began to incite his sons to avenge Bolly. The sons of Olawa assembled people, attacked Bolly and killed him. Gudrun was then pregnant. Soon she gave birth to a son and called him Bolly. Her senior son, Thor-leyuke, was four years old when his father was killed. A few years later, a man named Torgills began to marry Gudrun. Gudrun said that before he had to take revenge for Bolley. Torhills, along with his sons Goodyonne, killed one of the culprits of Bolly's death. Despite this, Good-Run refused to marry, and Torhills was very dissatisfied. Soon he was killed directly on the tingle, and Gudrun married a mighty hawdings named Torquel. He obtained from the sons of Olawa the brood for the death of Bolly and began to survive them from Laxdal. Gudrun once again found a high position. But one day the Torquay ship fell into a storm and sank. Gudrun courageously endured this death. After all the experience she became very pious and the first among the women of Iceland learned the Psalter. One day, Bolly, son of Bolly, asked who of her husbands she most loved. Gudrun said that Torquel was the most powerful, Bolly - the most daring, Tord - the most intelligent, and about Torvalds she does not want to talk. Bollie was not satisfied with this answer, and Gudrun said that he loved most of him who brought the greatest sorrow. She died in a very old age and blinded to death. Many descendants of her descendants are told in other sagas. But one day the Torquay ship fell into a storm and sank. Gudrun courageously endured this death. After all the experience she became very pious and the first among the women of Iceland learned the Psalter. One day, Bolly, son of Bolly, asked who of her husbands she most loved. Gudrun said that Torquel was the most powerful, Bolly - the most daring, Tord - the most intelligent, and about Torvalds she does not want to talk. Bollie was not satisfied with this answer, and Gudrun said that he loved most of him who brought the greatest sorrow. She died in a very old age and blinded to death. Many descendants of her descendants are told in other sagas. But one day the Torquay ship fell into a storm and sank. Gudrun courageously endured this death. After all the experience she became very pious and the first among the women of Iceland learned the Psalter. One day, Bolly, son of Bolly, asked who of her husbands she most loved. Gudrun said that Torquel was the most powerful, Bolly - the most daring, Tord - the most intelligent, and about Torvalds she does not want to talk. Bollie was not satisfied with this answer, and Gudrun said that he loved most of him who brought the greatest sorrow. She died in a very old age and blinded to death. Many descendants of her descendants are told in other sagas. which of her husbands she most loved. Gudrun said that Torquel was the most powerful, Bolly - the most daring, Tord - the most intelligent, and about Torvalds she does not want to talk. Bollie was not satisfied with this answer, and Gudrun said that he loved most of him who brought the greatest sorrow. She died in a very old age and blinded to death. Many descendants of her descendants are told in other sagas. which of her husbands she most loved. Gudrun said that Torquel was the most powerful, Bolly - the most daring, Tord - the most intelligent, and about Torvalds she does not want to talk. Bollie was not satisfied with this answer, and Gudrun said that he loved most of him who brought the greatest sorrow. She died in a very old age and blinded to death. Many descendants of her descendants are told in other sagas.