Literature of antiquity and the Middle Ages - Summary 2019 year
The Song of My Side (El cantar de Mio Cid) - An epic anonymous poem (about 1140)
Rui Diaz de Beaver, nicknamed Sid, lost the position of his lord King Alfonsas of Castile, and was sent to exile. To leave the Castilian limits, Sidu was given nine days, after which the royal wife was given the right to kill him.
Having assembled the vassals and relatives, only sixty men of warriors, Sid went first to Burgos, but, as the townsmen of the brave baron loved, fearful of Alphons they did not dare to give him a refuge. Only the brave Martin Antholines sent the Bivarians bread and wine, and then he himself joined the wife of Sid.
Even a small wife needs to be fed, there was no money for Sid. Then he went to the trick: ordered to make two lures, to embroider them with skin, to provide reliable constipation and to fill with sand. With these lures, which supposedly lay the gold that had been seized by Sidom, He sent Antolines to the bourgeois moneylenders Judas and Rachel, so that they took the lari in pledge and provided the wife with a ringing coin.
The Jews believed Antolines and dropped as many as six hundred marks.
The wife, don Jimena, and both daughters, Sid, entrusted the abbot Don Sancho, the superintendent of the San Pedro Monastery, and, having prayed and gently farewell to his family, went into the path. In the meantime, according to Castile, a message was made that Sid was leaving Moorish lands, and many brave warriors, seeking adventures and light food, rushed to him. Around one hundred and fifteen knights joined the Arlanson Bridge to his wife, whom he gladly greeted and prayed that their lot would have many feats and countless riches.
On the path of the exiles lay the Moorish city of Kastehon. The relative of Sida, Alvar Fanees Minaya, offered the mistress to take the city, but he himself volunteered to plunder the district. Cidec took Castechon with a trepidation, and Minaya arrived shortly there, and the production was so great that, with the division, a hundred marks went to the horse and fifty to the foot. The prisoners were sold cheaply to neighboring cities in order to avoid burdening themselves with their content. I liked it in Kastehon, but it was impossible to stay here for a long time, because the local Moors were the tributaries of King Alfonso, and that sooner or later the city would be besieged and the townspeople would have had a bad thing, as there was no water in the fortress.
The next camp, Sid, defeated the town of Alcocer, and from there he raided the surrounding villages. The city itself was well-fortified, and to take it, Sid went on a trick. He pretended to withdraw from the parking lot and retreat. Alcocercy rushed behind him in pursuit, leaving the city defenseless, but then Sid turned his knights, mumbled the pursuers and burst into Alcoster.
In fear of Sidom, the inhabitants of nearby cities sought help from the king of Valencia Tamina, and he sent three thousand Saracens to the battle with Alcoser. Having waited a little, Sid and his wife stepped outside the city walls and in a fierce battle, he turned the enemies into flight. Thanks to the Lord for the victory, the Christians began to share the immense wealth taken in the camp of the infidels.
The extraction was unprecedented. Sid summoned Alvar Minay to himself and ordered him to go to Castile, in order to give Thirty Horses to the Alphonsus in a rich sword, and, moreover, to report the glorious victories of the exiles. The king received the gift of Sid, but Minaya said that it was not yet time to forgive the vassal; but he allowed all who would want to join with Sid's wife with impunity.
Sid, meanwhile, sold Alcoser to the Moores for three thousand marks and set off further, plundering and treating the tribute to the surrounding areas. When the wife of Sida devastated one of the possessions of the Earl of Barcelona's Raymond, he opposed him on a campaign with a large army of Christians and Moors. Sid's dwarfs again got the upper hand, Sid, having defeated himself in the fight of Raimund himself, took him captive. By his generosity, he released the captive without ransom, taking only a precious sword from him, Kolada.
Three years spent Sid in constant raids. In his wife, he did not have a single warrior who could not call himself rich, but he did not have enough. Sid planned to take possession of Valencia himself. He overlaid the city with a dense ring and laid a siege for nine months. The tenth Valencians could not stand it and surrendered. In the part of Sida (and he took a fifth of any prey) in Valencia had thirty thousand marks.
The king of Seville, angry with the fact that the pride of the infidels - Valencia is in the hands of Christians, sent thirty thousand Saracens against the Sid army, but it was also defeated by the Castilians, which now were thirty-six hundred. In the tents of fled Saracens, Sid warriors took three times more than they did in Valencia.
Having become rich, some knights began to think about returning home, but Sid issued a wise order, according to which anyone who left the city without his permission would have lost all the property acquired in the campaign.
Once again summoning Alvar Minay to himself, Sid sent him again to Castile to King Alfonso, this time with a hundred horses. In exchange for this gift, Sid asked his lord to allow the daughter of Jimena and his daughters, Elvira and Salt, to follow Valencius, who was subordinate to him, where Sid wisely ruled and even founded a diocese headed by Bishop Jerome.
When Minaiah, with a rich gift, appeared before the king, Alfonso graciously agreed to let the ladies go and promised that they would guard their own knighthood to the border of Castile. Satisfied that he honored the mission of the Lord, Minaya headed for the San Pedro Monastery, where he pleased the daughter of Khimen and his daughters with the news of the soon reunion with her husband and father, and abbot don Sancho generously paid for her troubles. And Judas and Rachel, who despite the ban, looked at the lari left by him, found sand there and now bitterly mourned their devastation, the messenger of Sid promised to pay off the damage.
Carreon infants, the sons of the ancient foe of Sid Count Don Garcia, were seduced by the immense riches of the lord of Valencia. Although the infants believed that Diaz did not equal them with ancient graphs, they nevertheless decided to ask Sid's daughters to be his wife. Minaya promised to hand over their request to their mistress.
On the border of Castile ladies met a detachment of Christians from Valencia and two hundred monks under the leadership of Abgabalbon, the ruler of Molina and friend Sid. With great reverence, they transported ladies to Valencia to Side, which had long been not so cheerful and joyous as when meeting with the family.
Meanwhile, Moroccan king Yusuf gathered fifty thousand brave warriors, crossed the sea and landed near Valencia. Alarmed from the roof of Alcázar, watching the African mores break up a huge camp, Sid said that the Lord never forgets about him, and now he is sending a dowry to his daughters.
Bishop Jerome served the Mass, dressed in armor, and in the forefront of Christians rushed to the Moors. In a fierce battle, Sid, as always, took the upper hand and, together with the new glory, also accumulated another rich prey. He designed the luxurious tent of King Yusuf as a gift to Alfonso. In the battle this was so distinguished by Bishop Jerome that Sid gave the glorious cleric half of the penis he owed himself to.
From his share, Sid added two hundred horses to the tent and sent Alfonso for gratitude for having released his wife and daughters from Castile. Alfonso received gifts very favorably and announced that it was nearly an hour of his reconciliation with Sid. Here the infanta Carryon, Diego and Fernando approached the king with a request to look after them for the daughters of Sid Días. Returning to Valencia, Minaya told Cid about the king's proposal to meet him for reconciliation on the banks of the Tahoe, as well as that Alphonse was asking him to give daughters to his wife Infant Carrier. Sid accepted the will of his sovereign. Having met in an agreed place with Alfonso, Sid Rossa stood before him, but the king demanded that he immediately rise, for it was not like a so famous soldier to kiss his feet "even to the greatest of the Christian rulers. Then King Alphonse, in his all-hearing, solemnly proclaimed the promise of the hero and proclaimed infants engaged with his daughters. Sid, thanking the king, invited everyone to Valencia for a wedding, promising that none of the guests would leave the feast without rich gifts.
For two weeks the guests spent time for feasts and military fun; On the third they were invited home.
Two years have passed in the world and have fun. The Zitya lived with Sid in the Valencia Alkhasar, not knowing the misery and surrounded by reverence. But once a trouble broke out - a lion broke out of the livestock. The court knights immediately rushed to Sid, who was sleeping at that time and could not protect herself. The infants, however, were disgusted with fright: Fernando climbed under the bench, and Diego sheltered in the palace pressure, where he smeared from head to toe. Sid, rising from the bed, went unarmed to the lion, grabbed him by the mane and set back back into the cage. After this incident, the knights of Sid began to openly mock at the infants.
Some time later, a Moroccan army appeared again near Valencia. Just at this time, Diego and Fernando wanted to go back to Castile with his wives, but Sid denied the execution of the sons' intentions, inviting the next day to go out into the field and fight with the Saracens. They could not refuse, but in the fight they showed themselves as cowards, about what, to their happiness, did not recognize the father-in-law. In this battle, Sid accomplished many feats, and at the end of his Babietek, who before belonged to the king of Valencia, chased after King Bucar and wanted to offer peace and friendship, but the Moroccan, relying on his horse, rejected the offer. Sid caught him and cut it with Colada in half. At the dead Bukar, he took a sword, called Tyson, and no less precious than Kolada. Among the joyful celebration that followed the victory, the zitya approached Sid and asked for a home. Sid let them go giving one Colad, another Thyson, and, besides, delivering countless treasures. But ungrateful quarries conceived the wicked: greedy to gold; they did not forget that by the birth of a wife they were much lower than theirs and therefore unworthy of becoming mistresses in Carrion. Sometime after the night in the forest, the infanta ordered the satellites to move forward, for they supposedly wished to remain alone in order to enjoy their lovers with love. Remaining alone with Donya Elvira and Donya Salt, insidious infanta told them that they would throw them here for eating beasts and humiliated people. As noble ladies cried out to the mercy of the villains, they separated them, beat them to half death, and then, as nothing went on, they continued the path. Fortunately, among the infant companions was Sid's nephew, Feles Muñoz. He was worried about the fate of the cousins, returned to the place of the night and found them lying in the cloudless place.
Infants, returning to the Castilian frontier, shamelessly waved at the insult, which was taken by the glorious Sid. The king, having learned about the incident, resurrected the whole soul. When sad news came to Valencia, angry Sid sent Ambassador to Alfonso. The ambassador conveyed the word of Sila to the king that, since he had been bombarding Donya Elvira and Donya Sole for unworthy kariones, he now has to convene the Cortes to resolve the dispute between Sid and his offenders.
King Alphonse acknowledged that Sid was right in his demand, and soon, in Toledo, his counsels, barons, and so on were known. No matter how frightened the infants met face to face with Sid, they were compelled to come to the Cortes. They had their father, the tricky and insidious Count Garcia.
Sid set out before the meeting the circumstances of the case and, for the joy of the curry men, demanded only to return him priceless swords. With relief, infants were handed to Alfonso Colada and Tyson. But the judges had already admitted the guilt of the brothers, and then Sid demanded to return also the riches that were endowed by unworthy sons. By willy-nilly curry men had to fulfill this requirement. But in vain they hoped that, having regained their goodness, Sid would calm down. Here, on his request, came forward Pedro Bermudez, Martin Antolines and Munyo Gustios, and demanded that the curries in their duels with blood blotted the shame inflicted on the daughters of Sid. These infants were afraid of everything, but no excuses did not help them. They set the fight according to all rules. Noble Don Pedro nearly killed Fernando, but he acknowledged himself defeated; Don Martin did not manage to get off with Diego, how he was running away from the river in fear; The third fighter from the Curonians, Asur Gonzalez, wounded, surrendered to Don Muño. So the judgment of God determined the right and punished the perpetrators.
Alfonso, meanwhile, arrived from the Arabs and Navarre's ambassadors with the request to confuse the daughters of the hero of Sid for the infants of these kingdoms. The second marriages of daughters of Sid turned out to be incomparably happier. Spanish kings still honor the memory of Sid, his great ancestor.