Essays on literary works - 2023
The hero of the poem by G. Byron “Child Harold's Pilgrimage”
Lord George Gordon Byron
Child Harold, the first romantic hero in Byron's poetry, is not a character in the traditional sense of the word. This is the outline of character, the embodiment of a vague attraction of the soul, romantic dissatisfaction with the world and with oneself. Biography of Child Harold. typical of all "sons of his age" and "heroes of our time." According to Byron, “an idler, corrupted by laziness”, “like a moth, he frolicked fluttering”, “he devoted his life only to idle entertainment”, “and he was alone in the world” (translated by V. Levik). Disappointed in friendship and love, pleasure and vice, Child Harold. falls ill with a fashionable disease in those years - satiety and decides to leave his homeland, which has become a prison for him, and his father's house, which seems to him a grave. “Thirst for new places” the hero sets off to wander the world, in the course of these wanderings becoming, like Byron himself, a cosmopolitan or a citizen of the world.
Changing pictures of different countries, national life, the most important events of political history form the fabric of Byron's poem, epic and lyrical at the same time. Glorifying Nature and History, the poet sings of the free heroism of the national liberation movements of his time. The call for resistance, action, struggle is the main pathos of his poem and predetermines the complexity of Byron's attitude towards the literary hero he created. The boundaries of the image of Ch.-G. - a passive contemplator of the majestic pictures of the world history opening before him - fetter Byron. The lyrical power of the poet's complicity turns out to be so powerful that, starting from the third part, he forgets about his hero and narrates on his own behalf.
“In the last song, the pilgrim appears less frequently than in the previous ones, and therefore he is less separated from the author, who speaks here from his own face,” Byron wrote in the preface to the fourth song of the poem. “This is explained by the fact that I was tired of consistently drawing a line, which everyone, it seems, decided not to notice, <...> I argued in vain and imagined that I succeeded in this, that the pilgrim should not be confused with the author. But the fear of losing the distinction between them and the constant dissatisfaction with the fact that my efforts did not lead to anything oppressed me so much that I decided to give up this idea - and I did. Thus, by the end of the poem, which is becoming more and more confessional in nature, only romantic attributes remain of its hero: the pilgrim's staff and the poet's lyre.