Jane Eyre - “Jane Eyre” by Charlotte Brontë

A Comprehensive Analysis of Literary Protagonists - Sykalo Evgen 2023

Jane Eyre - “Jane Eyre” by Charlotte Brontë

A Comprehensive Character Analysis of Jane Eyre

The iconic book "Jane Eyre," penned by Charlotte Brontë, delves into the life and experiences of its lead character, Jane Eyre. The trip taken by Jane, a multifaceted and fascinating girl, forms the main plot of the book. We will examine several facets of Jane Eyre's personality in this analysis, using a methodical approach to comprehend her growth, intentions, connections, and importance in relation to the story's larger setting.

Determine the Type of Character

Throughout the course of the book, the compelling character of Jane Eyre experiences tremendous personal and emotional development. Her path is characterized by life-changing events, social conventions she questions, and established hierarchies she questions. Jane is a fascinating character who breaks social norms as she transforms from a neglected orphan to a confident, independent lady.

Consider the Character's Place in the Narrative

As the main character of "Jane Eyre," Jane's experiences, struggles, and victories are central to the story. She acts as a prism through which the reader examines issues of morality, social class, love, and identity exploration. Jane is a fascinating main character because of her tenacity and resolve, and the way the plot develops depends on how she interacts with other people.

Analyze the Past of the Character

Jane's upbringing has had a significant influence on who she is. Jane was left an orphan and was tortured by her aunt, Mrs. Reed. She was raised in the strict Lowood School system. Her difficult background has given her a strong sense of independence, fortitude, and fairness. Throughout the narrative, her search for a sense of purpose and belonging is fueled by the lack of affection from her family and acceptance from society.

Personality Characteristics

Numerous personality quirks that Jane Eyre displays add to her individuality as a character. She has a keen moral sense, is passionate, and intelligent. Her character is defined by her ability to bounce back from setbacks and her steadfast adherence to moral values. She is, yet, also shown to be passionate and impulsive at times, which gives her character more nuance.

Her moral integrity is one noteworthy quality that comes through when she declines Mr. Rochester's proposal after finding out about his previous marriage. On the down side, her passion occasionally pushes her to speak up without thinking, going against the social mores of her era.

Selections from the book like "I am no bird, and no net ensnares me" and "I am not an angel" demonstrate her refusal to conform to social norms and her acceptance of her own humanity.

Motivators and Objectives

The search for love, acceptance, and self-respect is Jane Eyre's main driving force. Jane has always sought out real connections and refused to accept a life that betrays her principles, whether it be in her early years at Gateshead or during her stays at Lowood and Thornfield. In addition to seeking personal fulfillment, she also wants equality and independence in her relationships.

Her denial of Mr. Rochester's proposal is indicative of her dedication to her beliefs. Her choice to leave Thornfield after learning of Rochester's covert marriage demonstrates her resolve to put her own value ahead of social norms.

Difficulties and Conflicts

Jane experiences both internal and external struggles that help to mold her throughout the book. External hurdles include the cruelty she experiences from her aunt and cousins, the restrictive atmosphere at Lowood, and the ethical conundrum raised by Rochester's proposal. Jane struggles with issues of identity, belonging, and striking a balance between emotion and logic on an internal level.

She grows as a result of the problems she encounters. For example, she gains resilience, independence, and a thirst for knowledge during her stay at Lowood. Additionally, the disagreements help her develop morally and emotionally.


Jane's character development is greatly aided by her interactions with other characters. Her bond with Miss Temple and her relationship with Helen Burns at Lowood serve as early illustrations of supportive connections. Her difficult relationship with her aunt and cousins in Gateshead serves as an example of the difficult circumstances of her early upbringing.

The crucial friendship with Mr. Rochester is difficult and transforming at the same time. Although their relationship is based on respect for one another and intellectual compatibility, outside variables like social status and Rochester's secret history put it to the test. Jane's devotion to moral values and personal integrity is demonstrated by her choice to leave Thornfield in the face of the moral conundrum posed by Rochester's covert marriage.

Furthermore, Jane's interactions take on a new dimension when later in the book, individuals such as St. John Rivers are introduced. Jane is passionate and independent, whereas St. John stands for responsibility and holy devotion.

Archetypes and Symbolism

One way to interpret Jane Eyre is as a symbolic figure who questions social mores and expectations. Her rejection of the responsibilities typically allocated to women in the 19th century, such as subservience and dependence on men, indicates a progressive and feminist perspective. Bertha Mason, as the "madwoman in the attic," is an icon that draws attention to how patriarchal society is repressive and what happens when women's liberty is restricted.

The trip Jane took might be viewed as a classic example of a search for honesty and self-discovery. She defies preconceived notions and conventions by refusing to live up to social expectations, especially when it comes to love and marriage.

Character Story

A key component of the book is the character arc of Jane Eyre. There have been several noteworthy turning points in her journey from an abused orphan to a confident, independent lady. Her growing self-awareness and awareness of the world around her are influenced by the difficulties she encounters at Gateshead, Lowood, Thornfield, and Moor House.

Jane's journey of transformation is influenced by her rejection of society expectations, her quest for education, and her search for true love. The climax of her character development is represented by the way her relationship with Mr. Rochester is resolved, by her inheritance, and by her reunion with him in a modified dynamic.

Speech and Conversation

Analyzing Jane's speech patterns and vocabulary reveals details about her character. Because Brontë writes in the first person, readers can directly experience Jane's feelings and ideas. Jane speaks with clarity, reflection, and occasionally passion, which reflects her inner strength and intelligence.

Her conversations with other characters—Mr. Rochester in particular—are characterized by humor, intellectual curiosity, and a feeling of equality. Dialogue facilitates mutual understanding and character development by pushing ideas back and forth.

Historical and Cultural Background

Gaining an understanding of the cultural and historical background of "Jane Eyre" is crucial to appreciating the difficulties and limitations that the characters encounter. Victorian cultural expectations and conventions are reflected throughout the book, especially with regard to gender roles, social class, and morality. In the context of this historical period, Jane's rejection of conventional marriage proposals and her pursuit of education were revolutionary acts.

The book also discusses topics like colonialism, which Bertha Mason's character illustrates, and the limitations imposed by social and religious norms, which St. John Rivers illustrates.

Analytical Angles

Our comprehension of Jane Eyre is improved by looking at scholarly and literary critics' critical viewpoints and assessments of the novel. Jane's significance as a proto-feminist character who challenged patriarchal standards is frequently highlighted in feminist readings. Psychoanalytic viewpoints explore the psychological drivers of Jane's behavior, especially in her interpersonal interactions. Marxist readings take into account how the book deals with economic and social class issues.

Taking into account these contrasting viewpoints enhances our comprehension of the nuances in Jane's persona as well as the larger social critique.

incorporated throughout the book.

Arrange Your Thought Process

The study might be arranged thematically or according to Jane's character development in chronological order. A chronological method would follow her development from childhood to maturity, whereas a thematic approach may concentrate on important components like morals, love, and social expectations.

We will use a thematic framework to examine several aspects of Jane's character and how they affect her overall growth in this examination.

I. Orphanhood and Childhood: A. Mistreatment at an early age in Gateshead
B. Lowood fosters independence

II. Education and Intellectual Development: A. Knowledge-seeking B. Miss Temple's friendship

III. Relationships Between Thornfield and Romance: A. Bond with Mr. Rochester
B. Moral quandary and departure decision

IV. Moor House and Self-reliance: A. Connection to St. John Rivers
B. Financial independence and inheritance

V. Seeing Mr. Rochester again: A. Things have changed; B. Their relationship has been resolved

Offer Proof

Let's use actual quotes and particular scenes from the book that highlight important issues to bolster the interpretation.

I. Orphanhood and Childhood: A. Mistreatment at an early age in Gateshead
1. Translation: "I was a discord in Gateshead Hall; I was like nobody there; I had nothing in harmony with Mrs. Reed or her children..."
Scene 2: Jane's early battle for acceptability is highlighted by her relatives' maltreatment of her and her seclusion from them.

B. Lowood fosters independence
1. Translation: "I was glad of it: a softener of hatred has turned to be a stimulant of fury..."
Scene 2: Jane's fortitude at Lowood, her bond with Helen Burns, and her dedication to learning highlight her formative years.

II. Intellectual Development and Education: A. The Search for Knowledge
1. Translation: "I resisted all the way: a new thing for me, and a circumstance which greatly strengthened the bad opinion Bessie and Miss Abbot were disposed to entertain of me..."
2. Scene: Jane's will to stand up to abuse and go to school lays the groundwork for her future intellectual development.

B. The camaraderie with Miss Temple
1. Quotation: "Without my soul, I cannot survive."
Scene 2: Jane's friendship with Miss Temple is indicative of a healthy partnership that fosters her growth on both an intellectual and emotional level.

III. Relationships Between Thornfield and Romance: A. Bond with Mr. Rochester
1. Quotation: "Do you believe that I am a callous and soulless person because I am small, poor, obscure, and plain? You have the incorrect idea!"
2. Scene: The basis for Jane and Mr. Rochester's relationship is laid by her rejection of social norms in their exchanges.

B. Moral quandary and departure decision
1. Quotation: "I look after myself." The more self-respect I have, the more alone, friendless, and unsustained I become."
Scene 2: Jane's decision to leave Thornfield emphasizes her dedication to moral values and honesty.

IV. Moor House and Self-reliance: A. Connection to St. John Rivers
1. Translation: "I am no bird; and no net ensnares me..."
Scene 2: Jane's rejection of St. John's proposal highlights her desire for independence and her distaste for a marriage devoid of love.

B. Financial independence and inheritance
1. Quotation: "I have wealth on my own. I am free to spend Mr. Rochester's money anyway I see fit."
2. Scene: Jane's bequest represents her freedom to choose and her financial security.

V. Catching up with Mr. Rochester: A. Changing the dynamic
1. Quotation: "Reader, I got married to him..."
Scene 2: The way Jane and Mr. Rochester's relationship ends illustrates a new dynamic built on respect and equality.

B. Their relationship's resolution
1. Translation: "I am my husband's life as fully as he is mine..."
Scene 2: Their last meeting marks the end of their past difficulties and their shared resolve to start a new chapter in their lives.

In summary

In summary, the character of Jane Eyre in Charlotte Brontë's novel offers a deep and complex examination of a woman's quest for independence, self-awareness, and love. We have looked at her dynamic nature, her function in the plot, her background, her personality traits, her goals, her connections, her conflicts, her symbols, her character arc, language, historical context, and critical perspectives through a methodical examination.

Jane Eyre is a classic literary character who defies social conventions and uplifts readers with her wit, fortitude, and unshakable dedication to morality. With its nuanced portrayal of a woman's search for herself and agency in a world of strict expectations, the story never fails to enthrall readers.

As readers, we are encouraged to ponder the path of Jane Eyre and the character's wider significance in the fields of literature, feminism, and society expectations. The masterwork of Charlotte Brontë challenges conventional wisdom and embraces the quest of authenticity and self-worth while entertaining us