The Bedford Glossary of Critical and Literary Terms - Ross Murfin 2018
Troubadour: A medieval lyric poet, associated with the Provence region of southern France, who composed songs in verse in the provençal language (known as the langue d’oc). Troubadours, active between the late eleventh and early fourteenth centuries, created many new verse forms and were instrumental in the development of the ideal of courtly love.
EXAMPLES: Guillaume d’Aquitaine (1071—1127), Arnaut Daniel (fl. 1180—1200).