CRESCENT SOCIETY (XIN YUE PAI/SHE)
CRESCENT SOCIETY (XIN YUE PAI/SHE). Named after the journal, Xin yue (Crescent), which published writings by liberal-minded intellectuals, the Crescent Society represented an influential trend in 20th-century intellectual development. In social thought, it embraced humanistic and moderate reforms; in literature, it promoted modernist innovations, epitomized by Xu Zhimo, whose Romantic poems transformed Chinese poetry. All of its prominent members had been educated in Great Britain and the United States and were professors at Beijing’s major universities, including Hu Shi, Wen Yiduo, and Lin Huiyin. Largely confined to academia, its influence began to diminish when Xin yue ceased publication in 1933.