CREATION SOCIETY (CHUANGZAO SHE)
CREATION SOCIETY (CHUANGZAO SHE). Founded in 1921, the Creation Society was an influential literary organization. Its members included Guo Moruo, Yu Dafu, and other prominent names. In its early stage, it endorsed authentic expression with an emphasis on subjective, personal, and romantic sentiments. After 1925, as the Communist ideology gained popularity among Chinese intellectuals, the Creation Society promoted a form of “revolutionary literature,” which influenced an entire generation of writers and readers. When it was finally closed down by the Nationalist government, many of its members joined the Left-wing Association of Chinese Writers. See also CHENG FANGWU; FENG NAICHAO; TIAN HAN; YANG HANSHENG; YE LINGFENG.